Wpływ zmian politycznych w Egipcie na bezpieczeństwo energetyczne Unii Europejskiej
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Political Changes in Egypt and Their Impact on the Energy Security of the European Union
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Energy security is one of the pillars of the security of a modern state. Security of energy resources supplies is of crucial importance for safeguarding the vital interests of the state – its duration and development. The above observations also pertain to the European Union as a group of states that intensify their mutual political and economic integration. A majority of the member states are importers of energy resources, especially crude oil and natural gas, a situation that leads to growing dependence of the EU on extra -European energy media supplies. The Near East region plays a key role in the EU’s energy security strategy, particularly in the diversification of energy resources supply. In this context Egypt must be mentioned not only as an exporter of its own resources to the European market, but also on account of its major role in the transit of energy resources from the Persian Gulf region to Europe. No wonder then that the ongoing process of political changes in this country since 2010 has attracted interest also in the perspective of guaranteeing the security of resources supply. The object of the present article is to seek an answer to the question whether the political changes in Egypt after 2010 impacted on the level of EU’s energy security.
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