The aim of this article is to discuss metascientifi c and metalinguistic vision of (applied) linguistics. The article consists of three parts. The first part describes the phrase „applied linguistics" and presents the meanings attached to this phrase by other authors. The second part presents the Author's answer to the question concerning science, i.e. the question with regard to distinctive features of science in the world of human activities in general, and cognitive activities in particular. The third part attempts to present the designative and denotative function of the phrase „applied linguistics". Moreover, this part of the article shows the Author's view on linguistics in general, especially on its main subject and on its cognitive tasks.