Homelessness is a large problem nowadays. People who are homeless are faced with many social disadvantages which are very difficult for them. They don’t have any place of permanent residence, they lose relationships with their families and they don’t have jobs. For these reasons the aim of this article is to describe impact of homeless people on changes in the structure of local self-government administration responsible for providing them shelter in the light of provisions of the act of September 5, 2016 amending the Act of March 12, 2004 on Social Assistance. Any amendment in law which regulates the structure of entities responsible for providing homeless shelter or standards of their services, should take into consideration any legal and non-legal consequence which it can cause. However, it is hard to predict all consequences, especially these negative, which amendments in law can cause.