Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2013 | 18 | 2 | 215-225

Article title

Badanie kontroli wykonawczej za pomocą Testu Interferencji Stroopa u chorych na schizofrenię i osób z uszkodzeniami płatów czołowych

Selected contents from this journal

Title variants

Executive control ability in Stroop task in patients with schizophrenia and in patients with frontal lobe lesions

Languages of publication



The aim of this paper is to compare susceptibility to the Stroop effect in men with schizophrenia and in men with frontal lobe lesions. A sample of 90 men participated in the study. They were divided into three groups: men with schizophrenia (n = 30), men with localized frontal lobe lesions (n = 30) and healthy men (n = 30) as a control group. Significant differences measures found between controls and men with schizophrenia in all of the analyzed variable (Control task execution time p < 0,001; Interference task execution time: p < 0,001; Difference between two times p < 0,05). Men with frontal lobe lesions differed significantly from healthy controls in the terms of speed of the task execution (Control task execution time p < 0,01; Interference task execution time: p < 0,01), but were no more prone to the Stroop effect than healthy controls. No significant differences were found between schizophrenia and frontal lobe lesion groups.








Physical description


  • Katedra Neuropsychologii, Wydział Pychologii, Uniwersytet Warszawski
  • Instytut Psychologii, Wydział Nauk o Wychowaniu, Uniwersytet Łódzki


  • Alvarez, J.A., Emory, E. (2006). Executive Function and the Frontal Lobes: A Meta- Analytic Review. Neuropsychology Review, 16, 1, 17-42.
  • Blenner, J.L. (1993). The discriminant capacity of the Stroop test in tumor neurosurgical patients and its relationship to the visual evoked potential measure. Personality and Individual Differences, 15, 99-102.
  • Borkowska, A. (2004). Znaczenie zaburzeń funkcji poznawczych i możliwości ich oceny w chorobach psychicznych. Psychiatria w Praktyce Klinicznej, 2, 1, 30-40. Bower, B. (1992). Brother Stroop’s enduring effect. Science News, 141, 19, 312-315.
  • Demakis, G.J. (2004). Frontal Lobe Damage and Tests of Executive Processing: A Meta-Analysis of the Category Test, Stroop Test, and Trail-Making Test. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 26, 3, 441-450.
  • Henik, A., Salo, R. (2004). Schizophrenia and the stroop effect. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 3, 42-59.
  • Jodzio, K. (2008). Neuropsychologia intencjonalnego działania. Koncepcje funkcji wykonawczych. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.
  • Jodzio, K., Biechowska, D., Szurowska, E., Gąsecki, D. (2011). Neuropsychologiczna ocena zaburzeń kontroli wybranych funkcji poznawczych i motorycznych po udarze mózgu. Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii, 20, 251-257.
  • Keefe, R.S., Eesley, C.E. (2006). Zaburzenia neuropoznawcze. W: J.A. Lieberman, T.S. Stroup, D.O. Perkins (red.), The American Psychiatric Publishing Schizofrenia (s. 245-262). Budapeszt: Oriold & Co.
  • Keefe, R.S., Fenton, W.S. (2007). How should DSM-V criteria for schizophrenia include cognitive impairment? Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33, 912-920.
  • Keshavan, M.S., Gilbert, A.R., Diwadkar, V.A., (2006). Teorie neurorozwojowe. W: J.A. Lieberman, T.S. Stroup, D.O. Perkins (red.), The American Psychiatric Publishing Schizophrenia (s. 67-82). Budapeszt: Oriold & Co.
  • Kolb, B., Whishaw, I.Q. (2009). Fundamentals of Human Neuropsychology. Sixth Edition. Nowy Jork: Freeman-Worth.
  • Kremen, W.S., Seidman, L.J., Faraone, S.V., Toomey, R., Tsuang, M.T. (2000). The Paradox of Normal Neuropsychological Function in Schizophrenia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 4, 743-752.
  • Lezak, M.D., Howieson, D.B., Loring, D.W. (2004). Neuropsychological assessment. Fourth Edition. Nowy Jork: Oxford University Press.
  • Reichenberg, A., Harvey, P.D. (2007). Neuropsychological Impairments in Schizophrenia: Integration of Performance-Based and Brain Imaging Findings. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 5, 833-858.
  • Scott, J.G., Schoenberg, M.R. (2011). The Little Black Book of Neuropsychology: A Syndrome- Based Approach. Nowy Jork: Springer Science + Business Media.
  • Stefanopoulou, E., Manoharan, A., Landau, S., Geddes, J.R., Goodwin, G., Frangou, S. (2009). Cognitive functioning in patients with affective disorders and schizophrenia: A meta-analysis. International Review of Psychiatry, 21, 4, 336-356.
  • Strauss, E., Sherman, E.M., Spreen, O. (2006). A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests: Administration, Norms, and Commentary. Nowy Jork: Oxford University Press.
  • Stuss, D.T., Floden, D., Alexander, M.P., Levine, B., Katz, D. (2001). Stroop performance in focal lesion patients: dissociation of processes and frontal lobe lesion location. Neuropsychologia, 39, 8, 771-786.
  • Tandon, R., Nasrallah, H.A., Keshavan, M.S. (2009). Schizophrenia, “just the facts” 4. Clinical features and conceptualization. Schizophrenia Research, 110, 1-23.
  • Tomaszewska, M., Markowska, A., Borkowska, A. (2010). Test Stroopa – wartość diagnostyczna w psychiatrii. Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia, 5, 1, 35-41.
  • Vendrell, P., Junqui, C., Pujol, J., Jurado, M.A., Molet, J., Grafman, J. (1995). The role of prefrontal regions in the Stroop task. Neuropsychologia, 33, 3, 341-352.
  • Westerhausen, R., Kompus, K., Hugdahl, K. (2011). Impaired cognitive inhibition in schizophrenia: A meta-analysis of the Stroop interference effect. Schizophrenia Research, 133, 172-181.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.