Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl



2014 | 26 | 15-32

Article title

Niesprawiedliwy Bóg w psalmach?


Title variants

An Unjust God in Psalms?

Languages of publication



The Book of Psalms describes God as righteous. The aim of this article is to answer the question whether one can speak of the injustice of God in the Psalms. First, the author tries to draw some conclusions from the statistics of words describing God’s righteousness. Then, he summarizes the studies dealing with the topic in question. Next, he analyses the four Psalms that speak more or less directly about the injustice of God (Ps 44 , 69, 88, 89). At the end, the author attempts to answer the question what the genre of the psalms has to do with talking about an unjust God. The final conclusions include the following statements: 1) generally the Psalms do not speak about unjust God; 2) the exceptions are a sign of an extremely dramatic situation of the nation; 3) injustice is seen as a temporal problem and therefore resolvable; 4) God’s injustice may involve a curse addressed to an enemy; 5) death is the only limitation of the justice of God.







Physical description


  • Wydział Teologii Uniwersytetu Papieskiego Jana Pawła II w Krakowie


  • Alonso-Schökel L. ‒ Carniti C. I Salmi (Roma 1992)
  • Angel H., „Biblical Prayers and Rabbinic Responses. Balancing Truthfulness and Respect Before God”, Jewish Biblical Quarterly 38 (2010) 6-7
  • Auffrett P., „Dieu sauvera Sion. Etude structurelle du Psaume lxix”, Vetus Testamentum 46 (1996) 19.
  • Barbiero G., „Alcune osservazioni sulla conclusione del Salmo 89 (vv. 47-53)”, Biblica 88 (2007) 543-544
  • Brueggemann W. – Bellinger W.H., Psalms (New Cambridge Bible Commentary; New York 2014)
  • Cazelles, H. „A propos de quelques textes difficiles relatifs à la Justice de Dieu dans l’Ancien Testament”, Revue biblique 58 (1951) 169-188
  • Clines D.J., The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew, (Sheffield 1993)
  • Coppens J., „Le Saddîq – «Juste» dans le Psautier”, De la Tôrah au Messie. Études d'exégèse et d'herméneutique bibliques offertes à Henri Cazelles pour ses 25 années d'enseignement à l'Institut Catholique de Paris (Octobre 1979) (red. M. Carrez – J. Doré – P. Grelot) (Paris 1981) 299-306
  • Crenshaw J.L. „Popular Questioning of the Justice of God in Ancient Israel”, Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 82 (1970) 380-395
  • Crow D.L. „The Rhetoric of Psalm 44”, Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 104 (1992) 400
  • Crüsemann F. „Jahwes Gerechtigkeit im Alten Testament“, Evangelische Theologie 36 (1976) 440.
  • Crüsemann F., „Rhetorische Fragen!? Eine Aufkündigung des Konsenses über Psalm 88:11-13 und seine Bedeutung für das Alttestamentliche Reden von Gott und Tod”, Biblical Interpratation 11 (2003) 345-360
  • Dacquino P. „La formula «giustizia di Dio» nei libri dell’AT”, Rivista biblica 17 (1969) 103-119. 365-382
  • Gerstenberger E.S., Psalms. Part 1 with an Introduction to Cultic Poetry (The Forms of the Old Testament Literature 14; Grand Rapids, MI 1988)
  • Goldingay J., Psalms. II. Psalms 42-89 (Baker Commentary on the Old Testament; Grand Rapids, MI 2007)
  • Gunkel H., Einleitung in die Psalmen. Die Gattungen der religiösen Lyrik Israels (Göttingen 1966)
  • Ho A. Sedeq and Sedaqah in the Hebrew Bible (American University Studies 78; New York – Bern – Frankfurt am Main 1991)
  • Hossfeld F. – Zenger E., Psalmen. 51-100 (Herders Theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament; Freiburg – Basel – Wien 2000)
  • Koch K. “צדק”, Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament (red. E. Jenni – C. Westermann) (Peabody 1997) 1049
  • Koehler L. – Baumgartner W. – Stamm J.J., Wielki słownik hebrajsko-polski i aramejsko-polski (Prymasowska Seria Biblijna; Warszawa 2008)
  • Kraus H.-J., Psalmen (Biblischer Kommentar. Altes Testament; Neukirchen 1960)
  • Łach S., Księga Psalmów (Pismo Święte Starego Testamentu VII/2; Poznań 1990).
  • Oeming M. – Vette J., Das Buch der Psalmen. Psalmen 42-89 (Neuer Stuttgarter Kommentar. Altes Testament; Stuttgart 2010)
  • Reimer D.J., “צדק”, New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology (red. W.A. VanGemeren) van der Weijden A.H., Die „Gerechtigkeit” in den Psalmen (Nijmegen 1952)
  • Ringgren H. ‒ B. Johnson, B. “צדק”, TDOT XII, 243.250-257
  • Rom-Shiloni D., „Psalm 44. The Powers of Protest”, Catholic Biblical Quarterly 70 (2008) 684
  • Rosenberg R.A. „The God Ṣedeq”, Hebrew Union College Annual 36 (1965) 61-67
  • Rosendal B. „…according to thy Righteousness. The Righteousness of God as Motivation in the Hebrew Psalms of Lamentation”, Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 23 (2013) 43-52.
  • Scullion, J.J. „Righteousness: Old Testament”, The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (red. D.N. FREEDMAN) (New York 1992) V, 725
  • Stec D., The Targum of Psalms. Translated, with a Critical Introduction, Apparatus, and Notes (The Aramaic Bible 16; Collegeville 2004)
  • Vella J. La giustizia forense di Dio (Brescia 1964)
  • von Rad, G. „Gerechtigkeit und Leben in der Kultsprache der Psalmen”, Festschrift Alfred Bertholet zum 80. Geburtstag (red. W. Baumgartner et al.) (Tübingen 1950) 418-437
  • Willimas R.J. Wiliams’ Hebrew Syntax (Toronto – Buffalo – London 2007).

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.