NEOLIBERAL POLICY: MEASURE FOR CONFLICT RESOLUTION/TRANSFORMATION OR ESCALATION?
Languages of publication
General assumption suggests that neoliberal policy is an efficient strategy for conflict resolution/ transformation and/ or has conflict preventive function. This theory is based on the logical expectation of peace as a necessary condition for productive economic activity, while getting as much profit as possible seems ideal in a peaceful environment. The examples of internally conflict less contemporary prosperous states practicing neoliberal approach (the US, Great Britain, modern China - through merging, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, etc.) have to be taken into consideration in this regard. However, development of neoliberalism – s. c. neoliberalization, but first of all consequences of this process apparently show different stages of conflict evolution in different regions and countries of the world directly affected by neoliberal policy. The US war in Iraq, military operations in Afghanistan, Syria, etc. can be discussed as illustrations of great economic interest of key neoliberal powers to gain maximum profit and material resources in developing countries, rich with such resources and potential, that are already successfully made as economic and/ or political/ military bases for the neoliberal superpowers, whether are targeted as such. Competition as an integral part of neoliberal system and one of the determining factors for its success can also be a counterargument to the interpretation of neoliberalism as a peaceful doctrine and practice. The complex nature especially of human relationships, for instance, in the workplace, as well as in a society at large, conflictual tensions and/or conflict escalation within socium, are of great importance while analyzing violent or peaceful essence and/ or effects of neoliberal development. In addition, much more massive social tension based on increasing inequality has to be taken into account, under neoliberalism.
- Huntington S. P., The Clashes of Civilizations?, “Foreign Affairs”, Vol. 72, No 3
- Kant I., Perpetual Peace, New York 1957
- Lenin V. I., Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, New York 1939
- Mueller J., Retreat from Doomsday: The Obsolescence of Major War, New York 1989
- Rosecrance R., The Rise of the Trading State: Commerce and Conquest in the Modern World, New York 1986
- Russett B., Grasping the Democratic Peace: Principles for a Post-Cold War World, Princeton 1993
- Waltz K., Theory of International Politics, Reading 1979
- Vernon R., Sovereignty at Bay: The Multinational Spread of US Enterprises, New York 1971
- Moon Ch., Market Forces and Security, Unu.edu, <http://archive.unu.edu/unupress/marketforces.html#linking> (08.12.2016)
Publication order reference