The main stages of secondary school content reform of humanitarian education in Austria
The article deals with the reforms in the sphere of humanitarian education in Austria. It demonstrates the main factors of reform of humanitarian education. The formation of humanitarian education is influenced by human social activities, cultural and historical processes in modern society. The reforms in Austrian secondary humanitarian education are directed by the changes of the world economic system. As the result of global development of economic system the transformation process of secondary humanitarian education is projected. The content of this education reflects the key points of this process. The article analyses the ways of reforms of humanitarian education. It highlights the functions of secondary education reforms and defines the principal stages of its content reforms. All changes done were introduced into practice according to general theoretical and practical basis of educational system. The reforms have affected the competitiveness development of graduates in the labor market and stimulated the cooperation in the sphere of education and life. The implemented changes affect the financial issues and internal reorganization of gymnasium education system. They give the representatives of different ethnic groups an opportunity to receive secondary education in Austria and to choose a humanitarian education institution (for instance, gymnasiums, private schools, religious education establishments). The reforms in the system of secondary education provide autochthons and allochthons with the right to get secondary humanitarian education in the country they live. The transformations in the system of humanitarian education raise a possibility to study a school subject «Religion» according to the family creed. The important contribution to the reformation process of Austrian humanitarian education is determined by the introduction of the language norms in German-speaking countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland). Spelling reform has been caused by the need to simplify spelling and punctuation in German. The educational reforms are directed towards the renewal of humanitarian education in Austria. It is seen that humanitarian education transformations are focused on differentiation and individualization of educational process during the study of humanitarian arts (modern language, literature, history etc.), implementation of competence approach, teaching improvement, cooperation with the local religious communities, forming bilingual types of education.
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