ІСТОРИЧНІ ТРАДИЦІЇ БЛАГОДІЙНОСТІ ТА АКТУАЛЬНИЙ СТАН ФАНДРЕЙЗИНГОВОЇ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ У ВИЩІЙ ОСВІТІ УКРАЇНИ
Historical traditions of philanthropic giving and fundraising practices in higher education of contemporary Ukraine
Languages of publication
The American system of higher education is admired around the world, both for its quality and diversity. Despite criticisms that are sometimes directed toward U.S. universities, they are regarded as models by many institutions elsewhere around the world. Ukraine is undergoing a dramatic transition in its higher education system. Previously reliant entirely on the government, Ukrainian universities now face declining government funding and are being encouraged to develop alternative sources of support. At the same time, strengthening higher education is viewed as a critical national strategy for growth in a global economy based on information technology. In this time of change, many universities are seeking to emulate higher education in the United States, especially with regard to the development of philanthropic support. Ukraine has also got deeply rooted giving traditions, which we find useful to understand in order to determine how or whether to adapt successful national practices, combined with progressive American experience, to our contemporary situation in higher education. Thus, the following paper introduces definitions of the key terms used in the research, and analyses their etymology as well as the way they relate to each other in an integrated whole. The establishment of common definitions is a criterion of science. The fields of institutional advancement and educational fundraising have yet to achieve such commonality, and although the paper does not resolve that problem, it offers some important distinctions. In the paper the author provides an overview of the historical tendencies and models of philanthropic giving in Ukrainian society that shed the light on why people give and on the factors and processes that influenced that behavior. Moreover, the timeline of key philanthropic events in Ukraine that refer to patronage of education and culture, beginning with the Paleolithic age up to the present days, is compiled; and the list of benefactors, set in their social context, in each of the specified periods is presented in the paper. Furthermore, the paper places contemporary educational fundraising in the context of history. It is not only a history of philanthropy, but rather a brief history of organized fundraising in Ukraine. Eventually, the focus is on the actual state of fundraising practices in the national system of higher education. The evolution of the professional field and the prospects for the development of educational fundraising as a tool to diversify sources of extramural support for university, in the context of neoliberal ideology of modern educational reforms, are discussed.
Publication order reference