Wartość autentyzmu w zabytkach
THE VALUE OF AUTHENTICITY IN HISTORICAL MONUMENTS
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The recent dozen or so years have seen in Polish community the loss of feeling of the value of authenticity in historical monuments. More and more supported and promoted is being the creation of illusions and at the same time apologized the indifference toward the need to preserve the authentic objects or even non-interventionism. To meet the natural needs of people to keep in touch with witnesses of the past is proposed the contact with the objects rebuilt. To determine the interrelation between the architectural object and the authenticity the author has subsequently carried out a partial analysis of material, the authenticity of technological and construction methods used in the process of creation, the authenticity of function as well as that of form, the authenticity of effect and associations. While concluding his considerations the author stated that the authenticity by itself represents some value determined by existence of an abject to whom it is ascribed and thus may be regarded as a positive value giving to the object some definite dignity. On the other hand, the authenticity ceases to exist at the moment at Which the existence of the object itself ceased. The authenticity is to be considered, therefore, as an summarized value consisting of the aforementioned partial authenticities. At the same time, however, it is the object’s supreme value having its effect on iboth existence and the amount of its other values. From the essence of an architectural object regarded as some kind of work of art it follows that it is not free from some ineficiencies in its definition which require that a range of definitions be added by an individual looking at it. However, the appropriate concretization of that additional definition may take place on an authentic object only and not on that falsified.
- J. B a r t o s z , Podzwonne dla Chełmska, „Gazeta Robotnicza”, nr 87, Wrocław, 12.IV.1973.
- J. Z a c h w a t o w i c z , Ochrona zabytkow w Polsce, Warszawa 1965, s. 46.
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