2013 | 49 | 4(198) | 305-319
Article title

Idea of Dynamic Universe – Thought Styles in Cosmology

Title variants
Idea dynamicznego Wszechświata – style myślowe w kosmologii
Languages of publication
Patrząc na korzenie współczesnej kosmologii odnajdujemy dwie ważne okoliczności: przejście z kosmologii na podstawie koncepcji czasoprzestrzeni newtonowskiej do kosmologii relatywistycznej i akceptacji idei dynamicznego relatywistycznego wszechświata. Uważamy, że podczas gdy pierwsza jest rewolucją naukową w sensie Kuhna, druga nie ma takiego charakteru. Powodem jest to, że przejście od statycznego Wszechświata Einsteina do Friedmanna dynamicznego Wszechświata odbywa się na fundamentach stworzonych przez ogólną teorię względności. Teoretyczna możliwość dynamicznego wszechświata jest naturalną konsekwencją ogólnej koncepcji względności krzywizny czasoprzestrzeni, ale nie została uznana od samego początku, gdyż Einstein był przekonany, że Wszechświat jest statyczny i nie istnieje rozwiązanie, zgodne z rozszerzającym się wszechświatem. Uważamy, że koncepcja Flecka stylu myślowego jest bardziej adekwatna w rekonstrukcji bardzo
Looking at the roots of modern cosmology we find two important circumstances: the transition from cosmology based on the Newtonian concept of space-time to relativistic cosmology and the acceptance of the idea of dynamical relativistic Universe. We argue that while the former is a scientific revolution in the Kuhn’s sense, the latter has no such a character. The reason is that the transition from Einstein’s static to Friedmann’s dynamic Universe takes place on foundations set up by general relativity theory. The theoretical possibility of dynamic Universe is a natural consequence of general relativity concept of curvature space-time, but it was not recognized from the very beginning, when Einstein was convinced that the Universe is static and did not admit the solutions of expanding Universe. We argue that Fleck’s conception of thought style is more adequate to reconstruct the very complicated process of the dynamical relativistic picture of the Universe (‘Weltbilt’) formation.
Physical description
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