2009 | 25 | 129-146
Article title

O dwu sposobach pozyskiwania organów do transplantacji

Title variants
On Two Manners of Acquiring Organs for Transplantation
Languages of publication
Wprowadzenie; 1. W poszukiwaniu organów – współczesne propozycje rozwiązania problemu; 2. Czarny rynek organów – jego realia i konsekwencje; 3. Ku uregulowanemu rynkowi organów; 4. Antropologia wolnego rynku organów; 5. W stronę alternatywnego myślenia o osobie i jej cielesności; 6. Poszukiwanie organów do transplantacji: logika daru; Zakończenie.
The technical possibility of carrying out transplantations of different human organs is usually associated with their scarce availability. Two solutions are put forward in order to deal with the issue: acquiring organs via a free market or sensitizing people to donation of organs as gifts. In the article these two proposals are considered with a special emphasis on the philosophical concepts of the person and his/her body which are presupposed in them. Critical examination reveals that a human body is an integral part of the person, hence cannot be treated as a commodity. Bodily organs can be treated, however, as a gift of one person to another. The logic of gift, then, is more adequate to who the person is, and it should influence people’s attitudes concerning organ donation.
Physical description
  • Wydział Filozoficzny Uniwersytet Papieski Jana Pawła II Kraków
  • Andrews, L. B. 2000. My Body, My Property. W: Life Choices. A Hasting Center Introduction to Bioethics, red. J. H. Howell, W. F. Sale, 463‒483. Washington D.C.
  • Biesaga, T. 2006. Wobec zgody domniemanej i zawłaszczania zwłok do transplantacji Medycyna Praktyczna 1, 20‒24.
  • Blumstein, J. F. 1992. The Case for Commerce ‘in Organ Transplantation’. Transplantation Proceedings t. 24, nr 5, 2191‒2197.
  • Cherry, M. 2005. Kidney for Sale by Owner. Human Organs, Transplantation, and Market. Washington D.C.
  • Cohen, E. 2006. Biotechnology and the Spirit of Capitalism. The New Atlantis, Spring, 9‒23.
  • Descartes, R. 2002. Rozprawa o metodzie. Tłum. T. Żeleński-Boy. Kęty.
  • Dworkin, G. 1994. Markets and Morals: The Case for Organ Sales. W: Morality, Harm and the Law, red. G. Dworkin, 145‒157. Boulder.
  • Gneezy, U., Rustichini, U. 2000. A Fine Is a Price. Journal of Legal Studies 29, 1‒17.
  • Heyd, D. 2006. Supererogation. W: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, http://plato.
  • Higgins, R., i in. 2003. Kidney Transplantation in Patients Travelling from the UK to India or Pakistan. Nephrol Dial Transplant t. 18, nr 4, 851‒852.
  • Hippen, B. 2006. The Case for Kidney Markets. The New Atlantis, Fall, 47‒61.
  • Hughes, P. M. 2006. Ambivalence, Autonomy, and Organ Sales. The Southern Journal of Philosophy t. XLIV, 237‒251.
  • Kluge, E.-H. W. 1999. Organ Donation and Retrieval: Whose Body Is It anyway? W: Bioethics. An Anthology, red. H. Kuhse, P. Singer, 387‒389. Oxford.
  • Lecaldano, E. 2002. Donazione di organi. W: Dizionario di bioetca, red. E. Lecaldano, Bari, 100‒102.
  • Locke, J. 1955. Rozważania dotyczące rozumu ludzkiego. Tłum. B. J. Gawęcki. Warszawa.
  • Meilaender, G. 2006. Gifts of the Body. The New Atlantis, Summer, 25‒35.
  • Meyer, S. 2006. Trafficking in Human Organs in Europe. A Myth or an Actual Threat? European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice t. 14, nr 2, 208‒229.
  • Rada Europy. 2003. Trafficking in Organs in Europe. Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights, mit_organen_informationen/trafficking_in_organs_in_europe_doc9845.pdf, z dn. 12 grudnia 2009 r.
  • Rai, M. A., Afzal, O. 2007. Organs in the Bazaar. The End of the Beginning? Politics and the Life Sciences t. 25, nr 1, May, 10‒11.
  • Rivera-Lopez, E. 2006. Organ Sales and Moral Distress. Journal of Applied Philosophy t. 23, nr 1, 41‒52.
  • Rothman, S. M., Rothman, D. J. 2006. The Hidden Cost of Organ Sale. American Journal of Transplantation 6, 1524‒1528.
  • Scheper-Hughes, N. 2003a. Organ without Borders. Foreign Policy, January/February, 26‒27.
  • Scheper-Hughes, N. 2003b. Rotten Trade: Millennial Capitalism, Human Values and Global Justice in Organ Trafficking. Journal of Human Rights t. 2, nr 2, 197‒226.
  • Shearmur, J. 2008. The Real Body Shop, Part 2: Spare Parts. Policy t. 24, nr 1, 25‒32.
  • Surman, O. S., i in. 2008. The Market of Human Organs: A Window into a Poorly Understood Global Business. Transplantation Proceedings 40, 491‒493.
  • Światowa Organizacja Zdrowia. 2004. Organ Trafficking and Transplantation Pose New Challenges. Bulletin of the World Health Organization t. 82, nr 9, 715.
  • Taylor, J. S. 2002. Autonomy, Constraining Options, and Organ Sales. Journal of Applied Philosophy t. 19, nr 3, 273‒285.
  • Titmuss, R. M. 1971. The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy. New York.
  • Waltz, E. 2006. The Body Snatchers. Nature Medicine t. 12, nr 5, 487‒488.
  • Wojtyła, K. 1986.Miłość i odpowiedzialność. Lublin.
  • Wojtyła, K. 1994. Osoba i czyn. W: Osoba i czyn i inne pisma antropologiczne, red. zbior. 43‒344. Lublin.
  • Wójcik, B. 2005. Ksenotransplantacje. W: Encyklopedia bioetyki, red. A. Muszala, 252‒255. Radom.
  • Veatch, R. M. 2000. Transplantation Ethics. Washington D.C.
  • Zutlevics, T. L. 2001. Markets and the Needy: Organ Sales or Aid? Journal of Applied Philosophy t. 18, nr 3, 297‒302.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.