PL EN


2017 | 17 | 44 | 813-829
Article title

Ergonomics Awareness and Employee Performance: An Exploratory Study

Content
Title variants
PL
Świadomość ergonomii a kondycja pracowników: Badania wyjaśniające
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The study examined the effects of ergonomics on employee performance by ascertaining the level of ergonomics awareness in Nigerian organizations, identifying the factors hindering the use of ergonomic, and the best practices and methods adopted by various organizations across industries. Despite a knowledge of importance to a growing number of researchers in Nigeria, there is still a dearth in knowledge of ergonomics design and its implementation in Nigeria. This can be observed in the low level of its adoption. The study adopted an exploratory approach through the review of literature. It was seen that several factors have hindered the efficient implementation of ergonomics in Nigeria which ranges from awareness, insufficient relevant studies, personnel considerations, resources constraints, technological changes, communication and integration disconnection between employees and equipment designers. Also, some best practices and methods adopted by various organizations across industries were identified to include, but not limited to: integration of human element into work design, ergonomics maturity levels (reactive, preventive, proactive and advanced) and quality of workspace (office design, furniture and spatial arrangements, lightings and heating arrangements, noise level). It is, however, recommended that researchers in the field of ergonomics and practitioners in the industry should intensify efforts in carrying out relevant study, organizing conferences and seminars as well as media publicity on why ergonomics should be part of our daily activities. It is also recommended that organizations should orientate and train employees on ergonomics so that they will be aware of the benefits derivable from it and be able to fit into the organization’s designs. Lastly, they should integrate employee/human element into ergonomics design process by getting detailed anthropomorphic data, which may bridge the communication disconnect between employees and ergonomic designers.
PL
W niniejszym artykule zbadano wpływ ergonomii w miejscu pracy na kondycję pracowników poprzez ustalenie poziomu świadomości ergonomii w nigeryjskich organizacjach, identyfikując czynniki utrudniające wykorzystanie ergonomii, a także najlepsze praktyki i metody przyjmowane przez różne organizacje w przemysłach. Mimo rosnącej liczy naukowców w Nigerii, nadal daje się zauważyć lukę w wiedzy dotyczącej projektowania ergonomicznego i jego zastosowania w Nigerii. Można to zaobserwować także w niskim poziomie przyswajania takich rozwiązań. W badaniach wykorzystano podejście wyjaśniające poprzez przegląd literatury. Zauważono, że kilka czynników utrudnia wydajne zastosowanie ergonomii w Nigerii, począwszy od świadomości, niewystarczających badań na ten temat, kwestii personalnych, ograniczeń zasobowych aż po zmiany technologiczne oraz brak komunikacji i integracji pomiędzy pracownikami a projektantami wyposażenia. Zidentyfikowano także najlepsze praktyki i metody przyjmowane przez różne organizacje w przemysłach, aby uwzględnić (nie ograniczając się do tego zakresu): integrację elementu ludzkiego z aranżacją miejsca pracy, poziomy dojrzałości ergonomii (reaktywna, zapobiegawcza, proaktywna, zaawansowana) oraz jakość przestrzeni pracy (układ biura, umeblowanie, aranżacja przestrzeni, oświetlenie i ogrzewanie, poziom hałasu). Mimo wszystko stwierdzono, że badacze ergonomii, jak też praktycy z sektorów przemysłowych powinni zintensyfikować wysiłki na rzecz prowadzenia badań, organizowania konferencji i seminariów, jak również publikacji medialnych na temat, dlaczego ergonomia powinna być częścią naszych codziennych czynności. Zarekomendowano także, aby organizacje prowadziły szkolenia pracowników w zakresie ergonomii w celu uświadomienia im korzyści z niej płynących oraz umożliwienia dostosowania się do rozwiązań wdrażanych w organizacjach. Wreszcie, organizacje powinny integrować pracowników / element ludzki z procesem projektowania ergonomicznego poprzez gromadzenie i dostarczanie dokładnych danych antropomorficznych, które pomogą zbudować pomost pomiędzy pracownikami a projektantami ergonomii.
Year
Volume
17
Issue
44
Pages
813-829
Physical description
Dates
published
2017-12-31
Contributors
  • Department of Management Technology, Lagos State University, Nigeria
  • Department of Industrial Relations and Personnel Management, Lagos State University, Nigeria
  • Department of Management Technology, Lagos State University, Nigeria
redactor
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-c8b8b558-6379-4701-bc80-30141866438c
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