PRAWIDŁOWOŚCI ZRÓŻNICOWAŃ PRZESTRZENNYCH EMIGRACJI ZAGRANICZNEJ Z POLSKI PO 1989 R.
SPATIAL REGULARITY OF EMIGRATION FROM POLAND AFTER 1989
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The article concerns the geographical identification of the phenomenon of emigration from Poland in the last two decades. This is done on the level of communes - the most precise spatial scale available. The analysis has identified the regularities in spatial distributions of communes with respect to their socio-economic and functional specificity. Basic geographic areas of emigration have been recognized (Warmia and Mazury, North Podlachia, the Sudetenland, Opole region and Upper Silesia, Podhale, Sandomierz region, Subcarpathian). The analyses were carried out based on available public statistics comprising residence registry data as well as data from the national census (mainly 2002). The research showed a relatively high spatial correlation of outflows registered as permanent and temporary. This generally indicates the usefulness of both types of data for migration analysis (despite the fact that administrative records register incidence of actual emigration abroad only partially, they reflect basic spatial variations and regularities). The obtained results are also an evidence of existing interdependencies between pendular migration and permanent outflow.
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