РЕАЛІЗАЦІЯ КОМУНІКАТИВНО-ОРІЄНТОВАНОГО ПІДХОДУ В ПРОЦЕСІ НАВЧАННЯ ІНОЗЕМНИХ СТУДЕНТІВ РОСІЙСЬКОЇ МОВИ
Implementation of the communication-oriented approach in teaching Russian to foreign students.
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The article provides analysis of the practical implementation of the communicative method of teaching performed while working at the textbook ‘Introductory Course of Russian for Foreign Students’. The textbook ‘Introductory Course of Russian’ has the communicative, practical orientation, all the represented in the textbook materials are of the regional studies character. The communicativeness principle is implemented by means of both the selected language material which was compiled taking into account functioning in the spheres which characterize life and studies of foreign students in Ukraine, and organizing this material within the general system of contextual exercises. The regional studies aspect of the textbook is defined by the character of the contained informative materials: even on the early stages students are getting information about Ukraine and the city where they are studying, as well as they are getting the idea of the corresponding speech behaviour in everyday communication in the new verbal environment. Practical orientation is achieved by the contextual principle of teaching material selection and organization, complex presentation of language units which contributes to the development of speech habits. Certain exercises which are aimed at developing skills and proficiency in talking, listening, reading and writing address personal experience of the students themselves or their companions. Special attention is paid to development of all types of speech activity. Lexical and grammar phenomena are introduced in the continuous speech which contributes to the more effective mastering of the new material (a student practices language units in phrases, microtexts, grammatical and lexical exercises, dialogues, generalizing texts). The textbook structure as well as the suggested representation of the language material, system of tasks and exercises which takes into account communicative needs of the students, correspond to the requirements of the communication-oriented teaching and increases the effectiveness of creating speech competence by foreign students of the initial level of studying.
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