2018 | 1 (17) | 39-47
Article title


Title variants
Languages of publication
The purpose of this article is find out about the role that was played by Twitter during the first week of Ferguson Unrests that started on the 9th of August 2014. As a source base for this work the author analyzes the newspapers, magazine journalism and articles upon the death of Michael Brown to show how local journalists and activists used Twitter to communicate and comment on his death. Through the examination of hashtag usage, the author demonstrates how Twitter has become a powerful tool to start nationwide discussion, as well as how hashtag activism can trigger creation of a new social movement.
  • BARTHEL M., SHEARER E., GOTTFRIED J., MITCHEL A., (2015), The Evolving Role of News on Twitter andFacebook, [online: February 3, 2018],
  • BONILLA Y., ROSA J. (2015), #Ferguson: Digital protest, hashtag ethnography, and the racial politics of social media in the United States”, American Ethnologist, vol. 42, issue 1, p. 4 - 17
  • BROOKS R., 2015, Hashtags Explained: The Complete Guide to Hashtags in Social Media, [online: February 3,2018],,
  • CARPENTIER M. (2015), ‘Things will never be the same’: the oral history of a new civil rights movement, [online: November 27, 2017],
  • CARR D, (2014), View of #Ferguson Thrust Michael Brown Shooting to National Attention, [online: November 28,2017],
  • DALY N., 2014, Twitter Chat: Can hashtag activism have real impact?, [online: March 22, 2018],
  • DUGGAN, M., ELLISON, N. B., LAMPE, C., AM LENHART, A., & MADDEN, M. (2015), Frequency of social media use. [online: February 3, 2018],
  • FORTUNE.COM, (2015), World’s Greatest Leaders, [online: February 2, 2018],
  • FREELON D., MCILWAIN C., CLARK M., 2016, Beyond the hashtags: #Ferguson, #Blacklivesmatter, and theonline struggle for offline justice, [online: January 3, 2018],
  • FUNG B., 2014, Watch Twitter explode along with Ferguson, [online; 26 April, 2018],
  • GRINBERG E. (2014), What #Ferguson stands for besides Michael Brown and Darren Wilson, [online: November 28, 2017]
  • JACKSON S., WELLES B., (2015) #Ferguson is everywhere: initiators in emerging counterpublic networks,Information, Communication & Society, vol. 19 2016 issue 3, [online: March 28, 2018],
  • KANG J.C., 2015, Our demand is simple: stop killing us, [online: March 28, 2018],
  • LEONOWICZ-BUKAŁA I., MARTENS A., OCHNIO J., (2015), Twitter - narzędzie komunikacji w rękach dziennikarzy,Conference: Interdyscyplinarna konferencja: Język a media. Zjawiska językowe i komunikacyjne we współczesnych mediach, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny, Kraków, 5 – 6 marca 2015; 03/2015
  • LEWONTIN M., (2016), #Ferguson: How Twitter helped empower ordinary residents, [online: November 27,2017],
  • LUIBRAND S., 2015, How a death in Ferguson sparked a movement in America, [online: March 24, 2018],
  • ŁOKIĆ P., 2014, Aktywność polskich dziennikarzy w serwisie Twitter – analiza wybranych przypadków, „e-Politikon.Kwartalnik Naukowy Ośrodka Analiz Politologicznych” 2014, nr XII: Dziennikarstwo w dyskursie politycznym,s. 146, [online: 24.03.2016],
  • MANDARO L., SNIDER J., (2014), 300 Ferguson Tweets: A day’s work for Antonio French, [online January3, 2018],
  • MASON P., (2012), Global unrest: How the revolution went viral, [online: December 12, 2017],
  • MCDONALD B., ARCHDEACON C., CHAVAR A.J., (2015), They Helped Make Twitter Matter in Ferguson Protests,[online: November 28, 2017],
  • MILLER Z.J., (2014), Obama: ‘No Excuse’ for Ferguson Violence, [online: February 2, 2018],
  • MISTEWICZ E., Twitter. Sukces komunikacji w 140 znakach. Tajemnice narracji dla firm, instytucji i liderówopinii, Gliwice 2015,
  • MOFFITT K., (2014), How to follow what’s unfolding in Ferguson on Twitter, [online: December 12, 2017],
  • MOROZOV E., 2009, Brave new world of slacktivism, [online: March 28, 2018],
  • MOROZOV E., 2009, Moldova’s Twitter Revolution, [online: March 28, 2018],
  • MURTHY, D. 2011. Twitter: Microphone for the masses?, Media Culture and Society, 33(5), 779 - 789., [online:December 12, 2017],
  • R. L. G., 2015, Johnson: Words of the year #BlackLivesMatter, [online: March 24, 2018],
  • SANCHEZ R., LAWLER D., (2015), Ferguson: timeline of events since Michael Brown’s death, [online: November28, 2017],
  • SAWICKA Z., (2017), Wpływ nowych mediów na przemiany polityczne wybranych państw Bliskiego Wschodu na przykładzie Arabskiej Wiosny, Warszawa – Rzeszów 2017, Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Zarządzania z siedzibąw Rzeszowie
  • SHEARER E., GOTTFRIED, (2017), News Use Across Social Media Platforms 2017, [online: February 3, 2018],http://
  • SHIRKY C., 2011, The policical power of social media, [online: March 28, 2018],
  • SICHYNSKY T., 2016, These 10 Twitter hashtags changed the way we talk about social issues, [online: January5, 2018],
  • STATISTA, (2017), Number of monthly active Twitter users worldwide from 1st quarter 2010 to 3rd quarter2017 (in millions) [online: February 3, 2018],
  • SZEWCZYK M., 2017, Pop-ewolucja czwartej władzy, Nauki o mediach i komunikacji społecznej: Krystalizacjadyscypliny w Polsce. Tradycje, nurty, problemy, rezultaty., ASPRA, Warszawa 2017
  • TUCKER J., (2014), Tweeting Ferguson: how social media can (and cannot) facilitate protest, [online: November24, 2017],
  • TUCKER J., METZGER M., PENFOLD-BROWN D., BONNEAU R., JOST J., NAGLER J., 2015, Protest in the Ageof Social Media, [online: March 28, 2018],
  • TUFEKCI Z., (2017), Twitter and Tear Gas. The power and fragility of networked protest, New Haven & London2017, Yale University Press, [online: March 22, 2018],
  • TUFEKCI Z., (2014), What Happens to # Ferguson Affects Ferguson: Net Neutrality, Algorithmic Filtering and Ferguson, [online: April 26, 2018], 6d2f3db51eb0
  • VEGA T., 2014, Shooting Spurs Hashtag Effort on Stereotypes, [online: March 22, 2018],
  • YE HE LEE, 2015, “Hands up, don’t shoot” did not happen in Ferguson, [online: March 22, 2018],
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.