The article defines the taste development components in the development of children’s personality. Under the authority of scientific literature analysis the author explicates contents of aesthetic culture and artistic culture. The main principles of the concept of aesthetic taste are studied. The author analyses the criteria that study the level and dynamics of aesthetic perception, and the author suggests the adequacy of the perceived object, the ratio of intellectual and emotional integrity. Ukraine entered the third century as an independent country. For its development and achievement of a proper standard of living, the standards of European countries it is needed to understand its own identity, an objective assessment of the national culture and the ways of its further development. In this regard, the reform of the Ukrainian school, in particular the system of aesthetic education and upbringing of pupils, has great importance. In the national doctrine of the development of Ukraine’s education in the 21st century, the formation of aesthetic tastes in the younger generation in the process of education and upbringing, organization of artistic activity is of paramount importance. In the various political and economic transformations that Ukraine experienced when the perception of the world and the place of man in it was changing, as never before the question arose about the role of anesthetizing the life of society, the integration of Ukrainian culture in the world culture and the influence of the world culture on the Ukrainian culture, which in general is expressed in strengthening the impact of beauty on all aspects of society’s life. After all, the aesthetic culture as a social norm in the assessment of beauty expresses the ability of a person to perceive and evaluate objects and phenomena of reality from the point of view of their aesthetic and humanistic expediency, acting on the one hand as a means of regulating aesthetic human activity, and on the other hand as a means of knowledge of beauty. Aesthetic culture is defined as the spiritual quality of the individual, through which spiritual-creative, emotional-figurative perception and aesthetic assessment of the world are carried out. Culture does not only reflect the modern aesthetic norms, but also lays the foundations of a civilized attitude of man to the world.