POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS FOR BROWNFIELDS INVOLVEMENT IN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN LATVIA
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LATVIJAS DEGRADĒTO TERITORIJU IESAISTĪŠANAS TAUTSAIMNIECĪBĀ IESPĒJU RISINĀJUMI
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Maximal and effective territories’ involvement in economic activities is one of the main tasks for sustainable development. The areas and peculiarities of brownfields in Latvia make it possible to develop the cultivation of berries (cloudberry, cowberry), which is rarely used in food industry in Latvia and the cultivation of rapidly growing willows to produce bioenergy. The objective of the article is to offer solutions for the effective use of brownfields; it offers the prospect to grow rarely used berries such as cloudberries and cowberries, as well as willows for bioenergy. Statistical analysis method, scientific analysis, professional literature as well as a survey of the population are used in the study. The authors introduce society to the peculiarities of the mentioned cultures and the opportunities and obstacles to their cultivation and summarize other countries experience. Among the identified problems, the authors indicate lack of knowledge for producers and consumers of how to grow and use cowberries and cloudberries, as well the how to cultivate and process energy willows. Analysis shows that growing cloudberries (and stone-berries), cowberries, energy willows is promising and can be introduced on both brownfields and other land areas. But the problem is that the market is poorly researched and producers and consumers are poorly acquainted with these berry crops; in the field of growing energy willows, there is experience, in turn, the demand in the market testifies the further development of energy willows cultivation.
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