PL EN


2018 | 17 | 1 | 127 - 144
Article title

Czy ciemna triada cech osobowości przewiduje zachowania związane z sekstingiem? Badania empiryczne w grupie młodych Polaków

Content
Title variants
EN
Does the Dark Triad of personality traits predict for sexting behaviour? Empirical research on a group of young Poles
Languages of publication
Abstracts
PL
Seksting jest formą wymiany prowokatywnych i seksualnie sugestywnych treści (zdjęć, filmów lub wiadomości) za pomocą wiadomości tekstowych lub internetu. Badania wskazują na to, że seksting jest zachowaniem ryzykownym, często związanym z przymusem, które może mieć związek ze zdrowiem psychicznym. Celem badania było sprawdzenie, czy cechy osobowości, takie jak psychopatia, makiawelizm i narcyzm (tzw. ciemna triada), przewidują zachowania związane z sekstingiem. Przebadano grupę 314 młodych Polaków w wieku 16–19 lat. Uzyskane wyniki wskazują, że młodzi Polacy angażują się w zachowania związane z sekstingiem, a częstotliwość takich zachowań jest związana z osobowością i płcią osoby badanej. Osoby, które wysyłały więcej sekstingu, charakteryzowały się wyższym poziomem makiawelizmu i niższym poziomem psychopatii. Co do otrzymywania prowokatywnych i seksualnie sugestywnych treści, to osoby o wyższym poziomie makiawelizmu otrzymywały ich więcej. Niniejsze badania wskazują na związek osobowości z wysyłaniem i otrzymywaniem seksualnie sugestywnych i prowokatywnych treści.
EN
Sexting is a form of exchanging provocative and sexually suggestive content (photos, videos or messages) on smartphones, the Internet or social networks. Research shows that sexing is a risky behaviour, often associated with coercion, that can be associated with mental health. The aim of this research is to check whether personality traits such as psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism (the so-called Dark Triad) predict sex-related behaviours. A group of 314 young Poles aged 16-19 was surveyed. The results of this study indicate that young Poles engage in behaviours related to sexting and the frequency of such behaviours is related to the personality and gender of the person surveyed. Those who sent more sexting had higher levels of Machiavellianism and lower levels of psychopathy. As for receiving provocative and sexually suggestive content, those with a higher level of Machiavellianism received more of it. This research shows a relationship between personality and the sending and receiving of sexually suggestive and provocative content.
Year
Volume
17
Issue
1
Pages
127 - 144
Physical description
Contributors
  • Wydział Nauk Społecznych Instytutu Psychologii Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
  • Sapienza University of Rome
  • Sapienza University of Rome
  • Sapienza University of Rome
author
  • Sapienza University of Rome
author
  • Sapienza University of Rome
  • Instytut Psychologii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego
  • Instytut Psychologii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego
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  • Bushman, B. J., Baumeister, R. F. (1998). Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: Does self-love or self-hate lead to violence? Journal of personality and social psychology, 75(1), 219.
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  • Coskunpinar, A., Dir, A. L., Cyders, M. A. (2013). Multidimensionality in impulsivity and alcohol use: A meta‐analysis using the UPPS model of impulsivity. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37(9), 1441–1450.
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  • Dir, A. L., Cyders, M. A., Coskunpinar, A. (2013). From the bar to the bed via mobile phone: A first test of the role of problematic alcohol use, sexting, and impulsivity-related traits in sexual hookups. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4),
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  • Gordon-Messer, D., Bauermeister, J. A., Grodzinski, A., Zimmerman, M. (2013). Sexting among young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(3), 301–306.
  • Hart, W., Adams, J., Burton, K. A.,Tortoriello, G. K. (2017). Narcissism and self-presentation: Profiling grandiose and vulnerable Narcissists’ self-presentation tactic use. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 48–57.
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  • Janoff-Bulman, R., Timko, C., Carli, L. L. (1985). Cognitive biases in blaming the victim. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 21(2), 161–177.
  • Jonason, P. K.,McCain, J. (2012). Using the HEXACO model to test the validity of the Dirty Dozen measure of the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(7), 935–938.
  • Jonason, P. K., Webster, G. D. (2010). The dirty dozen: A concise measure of the dark triad. Psychological assessment, 22(2), 420.
  • Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., Webster, G. D., Schmitt, D. P. (2009). The dark triad: Facilitating a short‐term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality, 23(1), 5–18.
  • Jonason, P. K., Webster, G. D., Schmitt, D. P., Li, N. P., Crysel, L. (2012). The antihero in popular culture: Life history theory and the dark triad personality traits. Review of General Psychology, 16(2), 192.
  • Jones, D. N., Paulhus, D. L. (2010). Different provocations trigger aggression in narcissists and psychopaths. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(1), 12–18.
  • Kapidzic, S. (2013). Narcissism as a predictor of motivations behind Facebook profile picture selection. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(1), 14–19.
  • Kaplan, A. M., Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media. Business horizons, 53(1), 59–68.
  • Kazdin, C., Ibanga, I. (2009). The Truth About Teens Sexting. Pobrane z: http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/Parenting/truth-teens-sexting/story?id=7337547.
  • Klettke, B., Hallford, D. J.,Mellor, D. J. (2014). Sexting prevalence and correlates: A systematic literature review. Clinical psychology review, 34(1), 44–53.
  • Kowalski, C. M., Rogoza, R., Vernon, P. A., Schermer, J. A. (2018). The Dark Triad and the self-presentation variables of socially desirable responding and self-monitoring. Personality and Individual Differences, 120, 234–237.
  • Kraut, R., Olson, J., Banaji, M., Bruckman, A., Cohen, J., Couper, M. (2004). Psychological research online: report of Board of Scientific Affairs’ Advisory Group on the Conduct of Research on the Internet. American psychologist, 59(2), 105.
  • Levine, D. (2013). Sexting: a terrifying health risk… or the new normal for young adults?. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(3), 257–258.
  • March, E., Grieve, R., Marrington, J., Jonason, P. K. (2017). Trolling on Tinder® (and other dating apps): Examining the role of the Dark Tetrad and impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 110, 139–143.
  • Mechanic, M. B., Weaver, T. L., Resick, P. A. (2008). Mental health consequences of intimate partner abuse: A multidimensional assessment of four different forms of abuse. Violence against women, 14(6), 634–654.
  • Morelli, M., Bianchi, D., Baiocco, R., Pezzuti, L., Chirumbolo, A. (2016). Sexting, psychological distress and dating violence among adolescents and young adults. Psicothema, 28(2).
  • van Ouytsel, J., Van Gool, E., Ponnet, K., Walrave, M. (2014). Brief report: The association between adolescents’ characteristics and engagement in sexting. Journal of adolescence, 37(8), 1387–1391.
  • van Ouytsel, J., Van Gool, E., Walrave, M., Ponnet, K., Peeters, E. (2017). Sexting: adolescents’ perceptions of the applications used for, motives for, and consequences of sexting. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(4), 446–470.
  • van Ouytsel, J., Ponnet, K., Walrave, M., d’Haenens, L. (2017). Adolescent sexting from a social learning perspective. Telematics and Informatics, 34(1), 287–298.
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  • Paulhus, D. L. (2014). Toward a taxonomy of dark personalities. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(6), 421–426.
  • Paulhus, D. L., Williams, K. M. (2002). The dark triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of research in personality, 36(6), 556–563.
  • Peeters, M., Koning, I., Van Den Eijnden, R. (2017). SH-16: Predicting internet gaming disorder symptoms in young adolescents: a one-year follow-up study. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6(S1), 69–70.
  • Phippen, A. (2009). Sharing personal images and videos among young people. South West Grid for Learning & University of Plymouth, UK. Pobrane z: http://www.swg.org.uk/taying-Safe/Sexting-Survey.
  • Pilch, I. (2014). Makiawelizm, narcyzm, psychopatia: ciemna triada jako próba opisania osobowości eksploatatora. Chowanna, 2, 165–181.
  • Reyns, B. W., Henson, B., Fisher, B. S. (2014). Digital deviance: Low self-control and opportunity as explanations of sexting among college students. Sociological Spectrum, 34(3), 273–292.
  • Rice, E., Rhoades, H., Winetrobe, H., Sanchez, M., Montoya, J., Plant, A., Kordic, T. (2012). Sexually explicit cell phone messaging associated with sexual risk among adolescents. Pediatrics, 130(4), 667–673.
  • Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M. G., Orr, R. R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578–586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.024.
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  • Back, M. D., Stopfer, J. M., Vazire, S., Gaddis, S., Schmukle, S. C., Egloff, B., Gosling, S. D. (2010). Facebook profiles reflect actual personality, not self-idealization. Psychological science, 21(3), 372–374.
  • Benotsch, E. G., Snipes, D. J., Martin, A. M., Bull, S. S. (2013). Sexting, substance use, and sexual risk behavior in young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(3), 307–313.
  • Buffardi, L. E.,Campbell, W. K. (2008). Narcissism and social networking web sites. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 34(10), 1303–1314
  • Bushman, B. J., Baumeister, R. F. (1998). Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: Does self-love or self-hate lead to violence? Journal of personality and social psychology, 75(1), 219.
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2012). Narcissism on Facebook: Self-promotional and anti-social behavior. Personality and individual differences, 52(4), 482–486.
  • Coskunpinar, A., Dir, A. L., Cyders, M. A. (2013). Multidimensionality in impulsivity and alcohol use: A meta‐analysis using the UPPS model of impulsivity. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37(9), 1441–1450.
  • Chabrol, H., Van Leeuwen, N., Rodgers, R., Séjourné, N. (2009). Contributions of psychopathic, narcissistic, Machiavellian, and sadistic personality traits to juvenile delinquency. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(7), 734–739.
  • Christie, R., Geis, F. L. (red.). (1970). Studies in Machiavellianism. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Chou, W. Y. S., Hunt, Y. M., Beckjord, E. B., Moser, R. P., Hesse, B. W. (2009). Social media use in the United States: implications for health communication. Journal of medical Internet research, 11(4)
  • Crimmins, D. M., Seigfried-Spellar, K. C. (2014). Peer attachment, sexual experiences, and risky online behaviors as predictors of sexting behaviors among undergraduate students. Computers in Human Behavior, 32, 268–275.
  • Crimmins, D. M., Seigfried-Spellar, K. C. (2017). Adults who Sext: Exploring Differences in Self-Esteem, Moral Foundations, and Personality. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 11(2), 169–182.
  • Czarna, A. Z., Jonason, P. K., Dufner, M., Kossowska, M. (2016). The Dirty Dozen Scale: Validation of a Polish version and extension of the nomological net. Frontiers in psychology, 7, 445.
  • Dahling, J. J., Whitaker, B. G., Levy, P. E. (2009). The development and validation of a new Machiavellianism scale. Journal of management, 35(2), 219–257.
  • Dake, J. A., Price, J. H., Maziarz, L., Ward, B. (2012). Prevalence and correlates of sexting behavior in adolescents. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 7(1), 1–15.
  • Dean, J., Corrado, G., Monga, R., Chen, K., Devin, M., Mao, M., Razanto, M.A, Senior, A., Tucker, P., Yang. K., Ng, A. Y. (2012). Large scale distributed deep networks. W: Advances in neural information processing systems (s. 1223–1231).
  • Delevi, R., Weisskirch, R. S. (2013). Personality factors as predictors of sexting. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(6), 2589–2594.
  • Dir, A. L., Cyders, M. A., Coskunpinar, A. (2013). From the bar to the bed via mobile phone: A first test of the role of problematic alcohol use, sexting, and impulsivity-related traits in sexual hookups. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4),
  • –1670.
  • Donnellan, M. B., Trzesniewski, K. H., Robins, R. W., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A. (2005). Low self-esteem is related to aggression, antisocial behavior, and delinquency. Psychological science, 16(4), 328–335.
  • Döring, N. (2014). Consensual sexting among adolescents: Risk prevention through abstinence education or safer sexting? Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 8(1). DOI: 10.5817/CP2014-1-9.
  • Dufner, M., Rauthmann, J. F., Czarna, A. Z., Denissen, J. J. (2013). Are narcissists sexy? Zeroing in on the effect of narcissism on short-term mate appeal. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(7), 870–882.
  • Draper, N. R. (2012). Is your teen at risk? Discourses of adolescent sexting in United States television news. Journal of Children and Media, 6(2), 221–236.
  • Drouin, M., Tobin, E. (2014). Unwanted but consensual sexting among young adults: Relations with attachment and sexual motivations. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 412–418.
  • Drouin, M., Vogel, K. N., Surbey, A., Stills, J. R. (2013). Let’s talk about sexting, baby: Computer-mediated sexual behaviors among young adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(5), A25–A30.
  • Fox, J., Rooney, M. C. (2015). The Dark Triad and trait self-objectification as predictors of men’s use and self-presentation behaviors on social networking sites. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 161–165.
  • Gordon-Messer, D., Bauermeister, J. A., Grodzinski, A., Zimmerman, M. (2013). Sexting among young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(3), 301–306.
  • Hart, W., Adams, J., Burton, K. A.,Tortoriello, G. K. (2017). Narcissism and self-presentation: Profiling grandiose and vulnerable Narcissists’ self-presentation tactic use. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 48–57.
  • Hendin, H. M., Cheek, J. M. (1997). Assessing hypersensitive narcissism: A reexamination of Murray’s Narcism Scale. Journal of research in personality, 31(4), 588–599.
  • Hudson, H. K. (2011). Factors affecting sexting behaviors among selected undergraduate students. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University.
  • Janoff-Bulman, R., Timko, C., Carli, L. L. (1985). Cognitive biases in blaming the victim. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 21(2), 161–177.
  • Jonason, P. K.,McCain, J. (2012). Using the HEXACO model to test the validity of the Dirty Dozen measure of the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(7), 935–938.
  • Jonason, P. K., Webster, G. D. (2010). The dirty dozen: A concise measure of the dark triad. Psychological assessment, 22(2), 420.
  • Jonason, P. K., Li, N. P., Webster, G. D., Schmitt, D. P. (2009). The dark triad: Facilitating a short‐term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality, 23(1), 5–18.
  • Jonason, P. K., Webster, G. D., Schmitt, D. P., Li, N. P., Crysel, L. (2012). The antihero in popular culture: Life history theory and the dark triad personality traits. Review of General Psychology, 16(2), 192.
  • Jones, D. N., Paulhus, D. L. (2010). Different provocations trigger aggression in narcissists and psychopaths. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(1), 12–18.
  • Kapidzic, S. (2013). Narcissism as a predictor of motivations behind Facebook profile picture selection. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(1), 14–19.
  • Kaplan, A. M., Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media. Business horizons, 53(1), 59–68.
  • Kazdin, C., Ibanga, I. (2009). The Truth About Teens Sexting. Pobrane z: http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/Parenting/truth-teens-sexting/story?id=7337547.
  • Klettke, B., Hallford, D. J.,Mellor, D. J. (2014). Sexting prevalence and correlates: A systematic literature review. Clinical psychology review, 34(1), 44–53.
  • Kowalski, C. M., Rogoza, R., Vernon, P. A., Schermer, J. A. (2018). The Dark Triad and the self-presentation variables of socially desirable responding and self-monitoring. Personality and Individual Differences, 120, 234–237.
  • Kraut, R., Olson, J., Banaji, M., Bruckman, A., Cohen, J., Couper, M. (2004). Psychological research online: report of Board of Scientific Affairs’ Advisory Group on the Conduct of Research on the Internet. American psychologist, 59(2), 105.
  • Levine, D. (2013). Sexting: a terrifying health risk… or the new normal for young adults?. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(3), 257–258.
  • March, E., Grieve, R., Marrington, J., Jonason, P. K. (2017). Trolling on Tinder® (and other dating apps): Examining the role of the Dark Tetrad and impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 110, 139–143.
  • Mechanic, M. B., Weaver, T. L., Resick, P. A. (2008). Mental health consequences of intimate partner abuse: A multidimensional assessment of four different forms of abuse. Violence against women, 14(6), 634–654.
  • Morelli, M., Bianchi, D., Baiocco, R., Pezzuti, L., Chirumbolo, A. (2016). Sexting, psychological distress and dating violence among adolescents and young adults. Psicothema, 28(2).
  • van Ouytsel, J., Van Gool, E., Ponnet, K., Walrave, M. (2014). Brief report: The association between adolescents’ characteristics and engagement in sexting. Journal of adolescence, 37(8), 1387–1391.
  • van Ouytsel, J., Van Gool, E., Walrave, M., Ponnet, K., Peeters, E. (2017). Sexting: adolescents’ perceptions of the applications used for, motives for, and consequences of sexting. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(4), 446–470.
  • van Ouytsel, J., Ponnet, K., Walrave, M., d’Haenens, L. (2017). Adolescent sexting from a social learning perspective. Telematics and Informatics, 34(1), 287–298.
  • The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. (2008). Sex and tech: results from a survey of teens and young adults. Waszyngton, DC: Autor.
  • Paulhus, D. L. (2014). Toward a taxonomy of dark personalities. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(6), 421–426.
  • Paulhus, D. L., Williams, K. M. (2002). The dark triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of research in personality, 36(6), 556–563.
  • Peeters, M., Koning, I., Van Den Eijnden, R. (2017). SH-16: Predicting internet gaming disorder symptoms in young adolescents: a one-year follow-up study. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6(S1), 69–70.
  • Phippen, A. (2009). Sharing personal images and videos among young people. South West Grid for Learning & University of Plymouth, UK. Pobrane z: http://www.swg.org.uk/taying-Safe/Sexting-Survey.
  • Pilch, I. (2014). Makiawelizm, narcyzm, psychopatia: ciemna triada jako próba opisania osobowości eksploatatora. Chowanna, 2, 165–181.
  • Reyns, B. W., Henson, B., Fisher, B. S. (2014). Digital deviance: Low self-control and opportunity as explanations of sexting among college students. Sociological Spectrum, 34(3), 273–292.
  • Rice, E., Rhoades, H., Winetrobe, H., Sanchez, M., Montoya, J., Plant, A., Kordic, T. (2012). Sexually explicit cell phone messaging associated with sexual risk among adolescents. Pediatrics, 130(4), 667–673.
  • Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M. G., Orr, R. R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578–586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.024.
  • Schmitt, D. P. (2003). Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands. Journal of personality and social psychology, 85(1), 85.
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  • Wojtasik, Ł. (2014). Seksting wśród dzieci i młodzieży. Dziecko krzywdzone. Teoria, badania, praktyka, 13(2), 79–98.
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-cc0d978b-0958-4527-9916-7fe767aeb946
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