Neoliberální ekonomická teorie a praxe a její recepce u sv. Jana Pavla II., Benedikta XVI. a Františka
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Neoliberal Economic Theory and Practice and its Reception in the Texts of Saint John Paul II, Benedict XVI and Francis
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The issue of economic theory and practice constitutes a significant part of the Catholic Social Doctrine. In spite of the fact that various aspects of the doctrine have already been examined in both the Czech and Slovak geographical environment, there is still room for further and deeper investigation. In the paper, I focus on an analysis of neoliberal principles and their reception in the various texts of the three popes: Saint John Paul II, Benedict XVI, and Francis, respectively. I try to highlight that in their numerous statements (expressed implicitly or explicitly in the encyclical letters, apostolic exhortations, addresses, and homilies) we cannot see any indications of a shift towards a neoliberal political ideology. On the contrary, all the aforementioned popes have far from neoliberal accounts in their written expressions or unwritten statements. Moreover, they criticize economic inequality, unemployment; emphasize the role of the state in the economy, the primacy of man over any profit-seeking activities, the primacy of work over capital, and the need for achievement (global) solidarity. All these features of the Catholic Social Doctrine seem to be in contrast with neoliberalism.
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