2015 | 63 | 11: Anglica | 85-99
Article title

The middle of a family: Reflexively marked structures in Polish

Title variants
Środek rodziny. Zwrotnie nacechowane struktury w języku polskim
Languages of publication
The paper is devoted to an analysis of ‘notional middles’ in Polish within a construction-based morpho-syntax. The problem of the distinction which should, or should not, be drawn between middle and anticausative structures is taken up here. We analyze the Polish data, considering the correlation of major parameters distinguishing middles and anticausatives in languages of the world, and decide that in Polish ‘notional middles’ constitute a single class. As a consequence, the differences between anticausatives and middles should not be reflected by distinct structures ascribed to these groups of forms by grammar. The existent differences should be attributed to broader context and to encyclopedic knowledge concerning events.
Artykuł poświęcony jest zagadnieniu pozycji konstrukcji medialnych w języku polskim. Po zanalizowaniu materiału językowego pod względem tego, jakie parametry są istotne w języku polskim dla wykrywania podtypów tych konstrukcji, okazało się, że parametry ogólnie uważane za istotne do odróżnienia konstrukcji medialnych i antykauzatywnych w materiale polskim dają sprzeczne ze sobą wyniki. Dlatego wydaje się, że rozróżnienia czasowników medialnych i antykauzatywnych nie opierają się na gramatycznie kodowanych konstrukcjach, a raczej wynikają z informacji dostępnych w szerokim kontekście i z wiedzy encyklopedycznej.
Physical description
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