Kníže a král v souřadnicích přemyslovského věku
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Duke and King in the Framework of the Přemyslid Era
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From the beginnings of statehood the Přemyslids reigned under the title of Dukes (dux, princeps). Similar to their neighbours in Central Europe (Poland, Hungary) they soon aspired to a royal title (rex), namely from the hands of the Holy Roman (Holy Roman–Germanic) emperors. The first one to reach this elevation was Vratislaus II in 1085/1086, yet, merely for his own person. It was only Přemysl Ottokar I (1197−1230) who was awarded a hereditary royal title in 1198. This study researches and comments on the problems facing the Přemyslids not merely in their confrontation externally but also with a conservative domestic environment. Thanks to recent publications, this subject is currently topical and much discussed in Czech Medieval studies.
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