L’analyse hypertextuelle de L’Empreinte à Crusoé de Patrick Chamoiseau
HYPERTEXTUAL ANALYSIS OF PATRICK CHAMOISEAU’S CRUSOE’S FOOTPRINT
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Over centuries, the subject of robinsonade does not seem to be a thoroughly investigated field in literary criticism. In this context, the role of Defoe’s work is still considered as the fundamental hypotext for every future robinsonade. Nevertheless, the twentieth century brings writers such as Michel Tournier, Patrick Chamoiseau or Yann Martel who began to transvalorize their robinsonades. This postmodern and sometimes postcolonial approach questions the topicality of modern and colonial masterpiece. In his recent novel, Patrick Chamoiseau explores the literary myth of Robinson Crusoe. He indicates the equiponderant influence of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and Michel Tournier’s Friday, or, the Other Island. The purpose of this paper is to analyze said hypertextuality in Crusoe’s footprint. It attempts to focus notably on the dialogue between Chamoiseau and Tournier and to see Michel Tournier’s impact not only as the primordial hypotext in case of Crusoe’s footprint but also as the basic reference for robinsonades reversing the ideological message of Daniel Defoe’s text in the XXth and XXIth centuries.
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