Agent‐based modelling of macroeconomic shocks in a banking sector
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This paper presents an agent‐based model of banking sector, which includes three kinds of heterogenous agents – households, borrowers and banks. Households provide funds to the banking sector via deposits and are changing their bank of choice stochastically. Borrowers are main source of demand for liquidity in this system, which they utilize for a risky undertaking, that may not succeed, thus defaulting on a loan. And finally banks act as an intermediary between two previous agents and manage their simple balance sheet. Agents interact with each other, establishing a time‐varying equilibrium, that is able to receive an endogenous macroeconomic shock and return to the equilibrium, which may not be in the same place or may exhibit different characteristics depending on type of the shock. The simulation introduces shocks to the three variables, namely minimal reserve ratio, probability of default and capital adequacy ratio. The work also compares drawbacks and advantages of agent‐based models to the commonly used equation‐based models, such as dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models.
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