PL EN


2007 | 1(1) | 95-124
Article title

Rozwój społeczny i wzrost gospodarczy w gospodarkach w okresie transformacji: rola instytucji

Content
Title variants
EN
Human Development and Economics Growth in Transition Economies: the Role of Institutions
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Podstawowe pytania współczesnej teorii państwa i prawa to: Czy współczesne państwo, głęboko zaangażowane w skomplikowane funkcjonowanie społeczeństwa, ciągle stanowi oddzielną i autonomiczną całość? Czy zarządza społeczeństwem, czy też jest zarządzane przez operacyjne struktury społeczeństwa? Zachodzące procesy społeczne wskazują na narastanie zjawiska autonomizowania się i dyferencjacji funkcjonalnej systemów społecznych. Jednym z następstw tego procesu jest przekształcanie się nowoczesnych kompleksowych społeczeństw w społeczeństwa policentryczne. Podstawy szczególnego statusu Państwa rozpadły się. Państwo nie może być już dłużej postrzegane jako suwerenny podmiot władzy, stojący poza społeczeństwem i ponad nim, którego obowiązkiem jest utrzymanie ładu społecznego i który jednocześnie posiada władzę, umożliwiającą wypełnianie tego obowiązku. Jest ono jednym z wielu elementów zróżnicowanej całości, w najlepszym wypadku – primus inter pares. Oznacza to, że nowoczesne sterowanie rozwoju musi się dokonywać poprzez zdecentralizowane zarządzanie kontekstowe, czyli refleksyjny proces, w którym funkcjonalnie wyodrębnione systemy są sterowane pośrednio, przez ich zmieniające się otoczenie oraz przez wykorzystanie specyficznych dla każdego z tych systemów kodów i programów. Zmianie ulega architektura zaawansowanych cywilizacyjnie społeczeństw, od dominacji konstrukcji hierarchicznych do dominacji struktur heterarchicznych.
EN
Transition economies (i.e. Central Eastern Europe Countries and Former Soviet Union Republics) have undergone an enormous transformation since 1989-1991. After the recession of the early 1990's, some of these economies experienced a GDP recovery, at a different pace, with different outcomes in terms of economic growth and social performances (i.e. human development, employment, poverty, etc).The aim of this paper is to answer the following research question: was human development concurrent with economic growth during transition towards the market economy? I claim that economic growth is not always concurrent with human development. Economic growth can contribute to increase the level of human development, but is not "the means" to human development. Human development is considered to be a process which allows for an environment where people enjoy long, healthy and creative lives. Using an OLS model, human development variables were correlated with GDP per capita. I found out that, in transition economies, human development is a sufficient, yet not a necessary condition for economic growth. In this context institutions and institutional policies are crucial for a development process. In fact, for better distribution and access to resources as well as for social cohesion, well-designed institutions are needed.
Contributors
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-cf7135f1-88af-4934-8e71-bf89e9c9426b
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