Inny (Wykluczony): dyskurs, puste znaczące, emancypacja
Other (the Excluded): Discourse, Empty Signifier, Emancipation
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The aim of the article is to describe the theoretical basis of the liberal democracy according to Ernest Laclau. His conception is a useful device for the analysis of a socio-political situation of Others (the Excluded). By exposing Laclau theoretical perspective (discourse, empty signifier, hegemony, emancipation) I attempted to display that this perspective does not only define the significant frames, thanks to which the social life may go further, but it also reveals the multiplicity of contexts, diversity of social issues and various possibilities of their interpretation. Important factor of this perspective is that it points out the need for taking the action, which is aimed to improve democracy. According to Laclau the moment of visualization of our desires is much more important than its realization, because it drives us toward action and creative thinking.
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