Evaluace jako diskurz. Komunikace a/versus kontrola v novém modelu školní inspekce v Polsku
Evaluation as a discourse. Communication and/or control in the new model of school inspection in Poland
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A new system of school evaluation was implemented in Poland in 2009. It consists of two elements: self-evaluation (conducted by teams of teachers) and external evaluation (conducted by inspectors trained in evaluation). This way of evaluation reflects not only autonomous and engaged evaluation but also dissociated and unbiased external evaluation. Its final product – a report written by a team of inspectors – is a mixture of voices and interests analysed through several standards imposed by the state. On the theoretical level we treat the school inspections system in a way similar to Harold Garfinkel’s famous analysis of hospital documentation as a consequence of negotiation between a patient and a hospital (2007). We had to understand above all the discursive level of the text to be able to highlight different layers of this re-interpreted auto-interpretation, in particular a differentiation of voices of diverse, and often conflicted groups (teachers, students and their parents and establishing entities). Then we paid attention to the future. For the future it is possible to consider three different scenarios (based on multidimensional analysis) that can be described through the metaphors of guard, guide and partner. We then tested these three models using data gathered in the external evaluation and post-evaluation.
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