Aerofóny v ľudovej ansámblovej hudbe v oblasti Bielych Karpát
Aerophones in folk ensemble music in White Carpathians
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Modern aerophones permeated the rural musical traditions in the Slovakian-Moravian borderland in the last quarter of the19th century. At that time, the boom of rural brass music bands began and clarinet and trumpet (as well as other brass instruments later-on) became stable parts of string and cimbalom music bands. After the World War I., the brass instruments formed music bands with 2 – 4 members and an accordion. This happened mainly on the Slovakian side of the borders; the music bands became part of “jazzes” – groups representing the rural form of town dance orchestras; the rural bands also included saxophone. From the perspective of the style of play, common regional earmarks can be found – despite individual peculiarities – in variations and mutual coordination of melodic voices. The clarinet players featured figurations that seemed to be deciding to create an own style; the trumpet players rather used time-proven melodic patterns for their variable heterophony. The play of melodic musical instruments in brass music bands is typical for its moderation in variants; peculiar is the deformation of several rhythmic patterns (the Trenčín area). From the perspective of polyphony, heterophony and tierce-parallelism dominate; the advanced style of playing the clarinets (the ethnographic area of Horňácko) features figurative contra-voice.
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