2014 | 3(12) | 83-92 (10)
Article title


Title variants
Languages of publication
During the quarter-century of democracy in Poland, most of the parliamentary par-ties had a post-communist or post-Solidarity origin. Only three formations without links to the two sides of the Round Table agreement – League of Polish Families (LPR), Self-Defence (Samoobrona) and Palikot’s Movement (Ruch Palikota, now: Your Move) – have achieved political relevance. The analysis of their road to parliament helps to cap-ture the specificity of the success of genuinely new parties in Poland. The factors that affect high electoral support for the aforementioned three parties were: advantageous configuration in Polish party system, strong leadership and articula-tion of new issues or neglected demands (exploitation of new community division and filling an ideological niche). The fate of LPR and Samoobrona confirms that the last factor seems to be crucial for the success of genuinely new party.
83-92 (10)
Physical description
  • Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Uniwersytet Śląski, ul. Bankowa 11, 40-007 Katowi-ce, e-mail:
  • Bartolini S., 2000, Collusion, Competition and Democracy (II), „Journal of Theoretical Politics”, vol. 12 (1).
  • Bolin N., 2007, New Party Entrance – Analyzing the Impact of Political Institutions, „Umeå Working Papers in Political Science”, vol. 2.
  • Cześnik M., Kotnarowski M., Markowski R., 2012, Kto głosował na Ruch Palikota? Analiza elektoratu na podstawie danych Polskiego Generalnego Studium Wyborczego, „Studia Polityczne”, nr 29.
  • Cześnik M., Markowski R. 2012, Wybory parlamentarne w 2011 roku – kontynuacja i zmiana, „Studia Polityczne”, nr 29.
  • Eurobarometr 71. Opinia publiczna w Unii Europejskiej. Raport krajowy: Poland. (6.04.2014)
  • Eisinger P., 1973, The conditions of protest behavior in American cities, „American Political Science Review”, vol. 67 (1).
  • Harmel R., 1985, On the study of New Parties, „International Political Science Review”, vol. 6 (4).
  • Harmel R., Robertson J.D., 1985, Formation and Success of New Parties: A Cross-National Analysis, „International Political Science Review”, vol. 6 (4).
  • Hauss Ch., Rayside D., 1978, The Development of New Parties in Western Democracies since 1945 [w:] Political Parties: Development and Decay, red. L. Maisel, J. Cooper, Beverly Hills.
  • Hug S., 2001, Altering Party Systems. Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies, Ann Arbor.
  • Kitschelt H., 1986, Political Opportunity Structure and Political Protest: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies, „British Journal of Political Science”, vol. 16 (1).
  • Krouwel A., Bosch O., 2004, Explaining the Emergence of New Parties. Cynical citizens and the rise of populism. Paper prepared for the workshop Kwaliteit van bet leven en politieke attitudes, 27–28 May 2004, Antwerp.
  • Krouwel A., Lucardie P., 2008, Waiting in the Wings: New Parties in the Netherlands, „Acta Politica”, vol. 43 (2).
  • Lucardie P., 2000, Prophets, purifiers and prolocutors. Towards a Theory on the Emer-gence of New Parties, „Party Politics”, vol. 6 (2).
  • Markowski R., 2000, Rozłamy socjopolityczne: o zamyśle klasyków, o tym, jak ich rozu-miano, poprawiano i testowano, „Studia Polityczne”, nr 10.
  • Markowski R., Tucker J. 2010, Euroscepticism and the emergence of political parties in Poland, „Party Politics”, vol. 16 (4).
  • Marmola M., Olszanecka A., 2013, Społeczny odbiór Solidarnej Polski Zbigniewa Ziobry, „Political Preferences”, nr 5.
  • Meyer D.S., Minkoff D.C., 2004, Conceptualizing Political Opportunity, „Social For-ces”, vol. 82 (4).
  • Müller W.C., 1993, The Relevance of State for Party System Change, „Journal of Theo-retical Politics”, 5 (4).
  • Rochon T.R., 1985, Mobilizers and Challengers: Towards a Theory of New Party Suc-cess, „International Political Science Review”, vol. 6 (4).
  • Sikk A., 2005, How unstable? Volatility and the genuinely new parties in Eastern Eu-rope, „European Journal of Political Research”, vol. 44.
  • Sikk A., 2012, Newness as a winning formula for new political parties, „Party Politics”, vol. 18 (4).
  • Tavits M., 2008, Party Systems in the Making: The Emergence and Success of New Parties in New Democracies, „British Journal of Political Science”, vol. 38 (1).
  • Willey J., 1998, Institutional Arrangements and the Success of New Parties in Old De-mocracies, „Political Studies”, XLVI.
  • Wojtasik W., 2012, Sukces Ruchu Palikota w świetle czynników możliwego sukcesu politycznego (Political Opportunity Structure), „Preferencje Polityczne” nr 3.
  • Wojtasik W., 2014, Nowa partia w systemie partyjnym: przykład Ruchu Palikota [w:] Polityka w Polsce po 2007 roku, red. D. Plecka, Katowice.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.