PL EN


2016 | 65 | 1-2(257-258) | 75-96
Article title

Korzenie teatru z perspektywy performatywno-medialnej

Authors
Title variants
EN
The Roots of Theatre from the Point of View of Performance and Media Studies
Languages of publication
Abstracts
EN
The article discusses the issue of cultural roots of theatre as analysed from the point of view of performance and media studies. Its starting point is a critical reading of the well-known book by Eli Rozik, The Roots of Theatre, as well as a debate with some theses held by anthropologists of spectacle, whereby the author is able to point out essential points of his own outlook on the origins of theatre. These are as follows: 1) theatre and ritual are live performances, and from the media studies perspective, they are human and iconic media; 2) the roots of theatre are manifold (polygenesis); 3) the roots of theatre should not be sought either in the psyche or in prehistory—in both cases, it is about performativity, not theatricality; 4) theatre emerges in sufficiently developed civilisations, in a specific performative environment from which it draws patterns of stage behaviour. It means that initially, theatre is a medium stitched from other media (in analogy to the rhapsodist stitching songs together). In ancient Greece, theatre as a religious and state medium emerged within the framework of the Dionysian festival, which functioned as a vortex of behaviour attracting other forms of rituals, spectacles and contests and afforded many pretexts for implementing various performance art conventions in theatre. Evidence of theatre’s heterogeneity in this respect can be found in Aristophanes’ comedies and in medieval performances.
Year
Volume
65
Issue
Pages
75-96
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
References
  • A. Duda, Performerzy i media ludzkie a teatr w starożytnej Grecji, [w:] Performans, performatywność, perfomer. Próby definicji i analizy krytyczne, red. E. Bal i W. Świątkowska, Kraków 2013.
  • A. Duda, Sphairomachia, harpastum, football, czyli o kulturowych korzeniach piłki nożnej, [w:] idem, Performans na żywo jako medium i obiekt mediatyzacji, Toruń 2011.
  • A. Duda, Teatr jako technologia komunikacji? Teatr jako medium? Uwagi o „Theatre Histories. An Introduction”, [w:] Ustanawianie historii, red. A. Adamiecka-Sitek, D. Buchwald i D. Kosiński, Warszawa 2010.
  • E. Havelock, The Greek Concept of Justice. From Its Shadow in Homer to Its Substance in Plato, Cambridge, Mass. and London 1978.
  • M. Kocur, Teatr bez teatru. Performanse w Anglii Wschodniej u schyłku średniowiecza, Wrocław 2012.
  • M. Kocur, Źródła teatru, Wrocław 2013.
  • L. Kolankiewicz, Dziady. Teatr Święta Zmarłych, Gdańsk 1999.
  • D. Kosiński, Polski teatr przemiany, Wrocław 2007.
  • A. Mencwel, Antropologia słowa i historia kultury, [w:] idem, Wyobraźnia antropologiczna, Warszawa 2006.
  • Z. Raszewski, Teatr w świecie widowisk. Dziewięćdziesiąt jeden listów o naturze teatru, Warszawa 1991.
  • E. Rozik, Korzenie teatru, przekł. M. Lachman, Warszawa 2011.
  • S. Scullion, ‘Nothing to do with Dionysus’. Tragedy Misconceived as Ritual, „Classical Quaterly” 2002 vol. 52 no 1.
  • M. Steiner, Geneza teatru w świetle antropologii kulturowej, Wrocław 2003.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-d49319af-0d19-4e35-a808-8e53d6c01d0c
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