Kulturotwórcza przyszłość człowieka w świetle psychologii ewolucyjnej
Man’s Culture Advancements in the Light of Evolutionary Psychology
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Psychology of evolution is a quite new branch of science; we can say that this is a continuation of E. Wilson’s sociobiology on emotional and psychological way. Evolutionary scientists have made their own program but the base was sociobiology and results of main subjects; that is why most of thesis are similar and almost the same (filled or expanded) to psychological ones. We have been created by the nature but, there was also “cooperation” with culture. Genetic determination is not enough to human’s creation. Large contribution for psychology of evolution put memetic, its researches, documents and thesis were very important for science grants. Humans made a culture many centuries ago, but this process hasn’t stopped yet. Survival of traditions and culture depends on keeping dynamic equilibrium between unmodified information included in cultural tradition and its modification. D. Buss claims that, if there are a lot of conservative features it will makes “live fossil”; if there is a lot of changes it will be an anomaly. Human’s attitude towards the future needs to be the same as their relation to traditions and innovation and its creation order and stabilization. Even for the price of exocentric separate (Besonderheit) human is going to make more stabiles and clearness to rescue them from a period you can anticipate. A. Gehlen is sure that during the cultural evolution new information could be transfer to descendants. This mechanism is helping to improve human knowledge and accelerating the development of every stadium of people’s lives. Biology’s way of keeping information leads only to genome; biology’s evolution is creating different genetics programs so therefore different biological species. Cultural evolution is connected only with the biological species of Homo sapiens and it makes differences only extenders structures due to this species. Actual, human’s view is still looking for its whole humanity. Human in psychology of evolution doesn’t look down of it’s biology past, but very often add to this view cultural aspect, this make it harmony and whole entire. For the culture actually human can compensate biology not adapted to life in the nature. Some of the scientists are claiming that human as a cultural animal is not complete, not entirely – because it is not ready to live in a natural environment - if he wants to live there he needs to transform it, for the etologists, human is a biological potential that can actualize him during ontogenetically adaptation for each form of human culture.
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