Odbudowa zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego po drugiej wojnie światowej
THE REBUILDING OF HISTORIC MONUMENTS IN WESTERN POMERANIA AFTER THE 2ND WORLD WAR
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After the war about 50% of the historic property in towns of Pomerania was destroyed, while only 4 out of 35 historic town complexes in the old voivodship of Szczecin did not suffer total destruction, preserving buildings from 18th and 19th centuries. Soon the works were undertaken on recording the possessions and were carried out under the auspices of the Western Institute. At the same time, i.e. between 1945 and 1959, conservation services were arranged, historic structures secured and their rebuilding started. It was also then that the castle and town-hall in Szczecin were provided with protection. In 1953 a monuments conservation workshop was founded there and still earlier the Museum of Western Pomerania was opened. The Museum took up archaeological studies ; discoveries on the Szczecin castle included a crypt with sarcophagi of the last Pomeranian princes. After 1954 protection works comprised such towns as Stargard, Kamień Pomorski and Dolsk. In 1958 a branch office of a monuments conservation workshop was formed to take over construction works. However, because о the need for a fast house building town centres often acquired structures that collided with their historic character. The second stage of works covered the years from 1959 to 1978. It was then that buildings of historic interest were rebuilt and adapted, mobile objects reconstructed and, which is most important, a proper conservatory preservation took shape. One of the most serious tasks was the rebuilding and adaptation of the castle at Szczecin, town-halls at Stargard, Kamień Pomorski and Nowe Warpno, the Bishops’ Palace at Ploty, the church of Holy Ghost at Stargard and numerous parish churches. Finally, the author draws attention to the necessity of engaging conservatory services in the protection of rural constructions.
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