O PROPOZYCJACH NAZWANIA POLSKIEGO SAMOLOTU F-16 (NAZWY ODAPELATYWNE). PREFERENCJE I TENDENCJE NAZEWNICZE
ON PROPOSALS FOR NAMING THE POLISH F-16 AIRPLANE NAMING (DEAPPELLATIVE NAMES). PREFERENCES AND TENDENCIES
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In this article are discussed proposals for names for the Polish F-16 aircraft that were sent in to a contest organized by the Republic of Poland Air Force. From over 1,200 potential chrematonyms, those instances are discussed in the article that are based on appellatives and are structurally transparent. As the analysis conducted shows, this is a collection differentiated in semantic and formal viewpoint. Most frequently, the root of the proposed names were names of animals (both birds and mammals, e.g., Albatros, Emu, Lampart, Labedz, Osa, Pirania, Slimak, Trzmiel, Tur, Wrona or Zyrafa) [Albatross, Emu, Leopard, Swan, Wasp, Piranha, Snail, Bumblebee, Aurochs, Raven, or Giraffe]. Relatively numerous lexical fields were also created by chrematonyms based on references to phenomena of nature (e.g., Blyskawica, Huragan, Kumulus, Meteoryt, Plomien, Tornado, Wicher, Zorza) [Lightning, Hurricane, Cumulus, Meteorite, Flame, Tornado, Gale, Dawn] and on realities connected with the military (e.g., Bulawa, Hetman, Miecz, Oszczep, Pocisk, Szabla, Torpeda, Ulan) [Mace, Commander, Sword, Spear, Missile, Sword, Torpedo, Uhlan]. Individual names grouped in appropriate lexical fields refer to such characteristics of the object being named (the F-16 airplane) as its intended use, technical possibilities, use environment, form, and national affiliation. The roots of the names discussed in the article are appellatives — universally known lexica — designations of animals, plants, and objects. Analytical (compound) forms in the form of juxtapositions or prepositional expressions are definitely rarer among the proposals submitted. Among the individual forms should also be numbered unique onymic innovations of the type Maxorzel.
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