УКРАЇНСЬКИЙ ДОСВІД ВПРОВАДЖЕННЯ ПРОГРАМ ПРОФІЛАКТИКИ АГРЕСИВНОЇ ПОВЕДІНКИ ПІДЛІТКІВ У ЦЕНТРАХ СОЦІАЛЬНО-ПСИХОЛОГІЧНОЇ РЕАБІЛІТАЦІЇ
The Ukrainian experiencethe implementation programs for the prevention of aggressive behaviorof teenagers in the centers of social and psychological rehabilitation
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The paper analyzes the quantitative implementation of prevention programs abroad, as well as experience in implementation of programs for the prevention of aggressive behavior of teenagers in terms of the different categories of adolescents in Ukraine: young offenders up to the age of responsibility; juveniles who have reached the age of criminal responsibility and received court sentences; teens who have committed domestic violence; students of secondary schools that show signs of aggressive behavior, committing violence against their peers, but are outside the administrative or criminal liability; adolescents who find themselves in difficult circumstances, neglected and homeless children. At the state level it is approved the Typical program of correctional work with persons who have committed violence in the family and the main foundations of its implementation. The purpose of this program is to correct the aggressive behavior of individuals who committed violence in the family. The program envisages institutionalization of work with offenders – building a system of personnel training for work with persons who have committed domestic violence, the organization of specialized training and supervision, methodological support. The main objectives of the Typical program of correctional work with persons who committed domestic violence is: to familiarize participants with the basic normative documents regulating gender, family and social relations in the family; to teach the participants to identify their problems and ways of their solution; to form skills of conflict-free communication; to contribute to the reduction of emotional stress and personal anxiety; to form skills of self-regulation and self-control; to enhance the self-esteem and responsibility for their actions and their lives; to teach the basics of autogenic training and relaxation; to develop the ability to understand the emotional state of another person and the ability to express yourself adequately; to promote a positive value orientations and moral concepts. After analyzing a number of prevention programmes and activities aimed at reducing aggressive behavior of adolescents, the author concluded that at the state level in Ukraine, there are some contradictions between the mechanism of implementation of prevention programmes and bodies, services and institutions that must implement a comprehensive prevention of such behavior. So, we consider relevant the development of a comprehensive programme for the prevention of aggressive behavior in adolescents found in the centers of social-psychological rehabilitation of children.
prevention program young offenders up to the age of responsibility juveniles who have reached the age of criminal responsibility and received court sentences teens who have committed domestic violence students of secondary schools that show signs of aggressive behavior committing violence against their peers but are outside the administrative or criminal liability adolescents who find themselves in difficult circumstances neglected and homeless children
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