Równowaga i integracja europejska w koncepcjach generała Władysława Sikorskiego
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EQUILIBRIUM AND EUROPEAN INTEGRATION IN THE CONCEPTS OF GENERAL WLADYSLAW SIKORSKI
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General Wladyslaw Sikorski (1881 -1943), the Prime Minister Of The Republic Of Poland (1922/23; 1939 -1943) and the General Commander Of Polish Allied Forces (1939 -1943). As an active participant of politics in the Mid – War Period he created a new vision of the geopolitical deal in the Middle Eastern Europe based on both, the Christian Democracy values the principle of a peaceful existence of nations. His attitude headed for the elimination of the imperial threat coming from Germany and the USSR and establishing the new European order where the political and economic cooperation of small countries from between The Baltic and the Adriatic Sea would become an essence of vertically – oriented alliance. Even though his vision seemed to be partly similar to the H. Mackinder’s World Island Theory, especially in the context of the role of the small nations in Europe, Sikorski managed to add some new features like the idea of Christian morality against the totalitarian barbarity or the linking all the involved national territories with the modern communication network. The Gibraltar’s crash did not mean the end of Sikorski’s conception. In a sense it gave rise to Wyszehrad’s Triangle partnership after the Iron Curtain was fallen and became crucial to the political efforts focused on Polish participation in the European Union.
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