Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2011 | 18 | 59-69

Article title

Migracje zagraniczne w krajach Unii Europejskiej w warunkach kryzysu gospodarczego


Title variants

International migrations in the European Union in conditions of the economic crisis

Languages of publication



Migration, or the movement of population, aimed at temporary or permanent change of residence (PWN) and has always accompanied the mankind. There are various reasons for migration, mainly economic and political. Sometimes the population moves to experience other cultures and countries (tourism – migration). The intensity of migration movement and its direction reflects the economic status, stage of development, and social conditions in these areas. Countries which are attractive to tourists and have a good tourist base are characterized by a well-developed economy and low unemployment, as well as an attractive geographical location which makes them the most desirable places for migration. On the other hand, countries which are still passing the structural changes in the national economy, having a non-oriented domestic and foreign policy, faced with demographic problems and unemployment, located in very attractive geographic areas, are the countries attracting the immigrants. Such dependence can be seen between the countries of Western and Central Europe and Eastern European countries. The change of some factors, or destabilization of the overall situation in the world (as it happened in 2007 as a result of the global economic crisis) causes the profound changes in migration flows and hence the need to change the approach to immigration by individual countries. However, migration (depending on its type) can cause gains or losses for the immigration and emigration countries as the changing global economic situation is becoming increasingly important.



  • Zakład Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej, Instytut Geografii, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie


  • Alonso F.G., 2009, Can the rising pension burden in Europe be mitigated by immigration? Modelling the effects of selected demographic and socioeconomic factors on ageing in the European Union, 2008–2050, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, pp. 123–147.
  • Beets G. and Willekens F., 2009, The global economic crisis and international migration: An uncertain outlook, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, pp. 19–37.
  • Coleman D., 2009, Migration and its consequences in 21st century Europe, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, pp. 1–18.
  • Corselli-Nordblad L., Vasileva K., 2010, Population of foreign citizens in the EU27 in 2009. Foreign citizens made up 6,4% of the EU27 population, Eurostat Press Office.
  • Fihel A., Tyrowicz J., Kaczmarczyk P., 2008, Migracje powrotne Polaków, Biuletyn nr 5, Fundacja Inicjatyw Społeczno Ekonomicznych.
  • Grabowska-Lusińska I., Okólski M., 2009, Emigracja ostatnia?, Wyd. Naukowe Scholar, Warszawa, s. 15–23, s. 220–223.
  • Herm A., 2008, Recent migration trends: citizens of EU-27 Member States become ever more mobile while EU remains attractive to non-EU citizens, Eurostat.
  • Kupiszewski M., 2002, Modelowanie dynamiki przemian ludności w warunkach wzrostu znaczenia migracji międzynarodowych, Prace Geograficzne, IG i PZ PAN, Warszawa.
  • Monkiewicz M., 2008, Globalny kryzys finansowy–przyczyny, działania naprawcze, ochrona konsumentów, Rozprawy Ubezpieczeniowe, nr 5(2).
  • Sobotka T., 2009, Migration continent Europe, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, pp. 217–233.
  • Wullt J., Herm A., 2008, Immigration in the EU27 in 2006. 40% of immigrants who settled in the EU27 were citizens of EU27 Member States, Eurostat Press Office.
  • Vasileva K., 2009, Citizens of European countries account for the majority of the foreign population in EU-27 in 2008, Publication Office of the European Union.
  • Vasileva K., 2010, Foreigners living in the EU are diverse and largely younger than the nationals of the EU Member States, Eurostat.
  • Zaleski Z., 2008, Migracja w Europie – wady i zalety, KUL, Lubelska Szkoła Biznesu Sp. z o.o. Lublin, s. 100–103.
  • http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home/
  • www.nb.portal.pl
  • www.11listopada1918.pl

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.