Volunteering as a factor of development of social activity of the individual
The article reveals the essence of volunteering as a factor of development of social activity of the individual. It identifies the key characteristics of volunteer work and especially its organization. The basic types of volunteer activities: • remuneration. Volunteers must not engage in volunteer activities mainly for financial profit, and any financial reimbursement should be less than the value of the work performed. • goodwill. Although the motivation to participate in volunteer activities may always consist of several reasons including pressure from colleagues (or parents) and debt to society, yet these activities should be carried out voluntarily, without coercion. • brought favor. Must be a beneficiary – charity care (individual, non-profit organization or community) receiving assistance from one or several donors. • the organizational structure. Volunteering can be organized or unorganized, carried out individually or in groups, public or private organizations. There are several types of volunteering: • mutual aid or self-help. People engage in voluntary activities to help other members of the same social group or community. • charity or service for the benefit of others. The primary beneficiary is not a member of the group member is a volunteer, and the third party. • participation and government. The role of individuals in the administration – from representation in government advisory bodies to participation in local development projects. • education or promotion of any questions concerning certain groups. It is concluded that today volunteers are the people who are not limited to paid work and normal life duties, and spend time and effort on things that do not bring them material gain. They do it because their work is useful to others and brings satisfaction to themselves.
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