АНАЛІЗ СТАНУ І РЕАЛІЗАЦІЇ ВІДКРИТИХ ДИСТАНЦІЙНИХ КУРСІВ В УКРАЇНІ
Analysis of the implementation of open and distance learning courses in Ukraine
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This paper investigates the features of the implementation, conduct, analysis and prospects for the use of open distance learning courses in Ukraine.The article deals with the main advantages and disadvantages of massive open distance learning courses, presents a comparative analysis of national and foreign scholars on the issue of implementation of open distance learning courses. The article outlines the basic course requirements. It contains an analysis of the current state of massive open distance learning courses used in higher educational institutions. The article presents a number of recommendations for the development of national education system towards democratization of higher education. Today massive online courses is the only convenient and accessible form of gaining knowledge or extension of qualification. Practice of its implementation has opened up new prospects for spreading of knowledge and giving educational opportunities for millions of people and made an effective instrument of modernization of education systems to meet the new economic and sociocultural conditions. Implementation of the elementsofdistancelearninginschool or in higher educational establishment requires implementation of educationalactivities with the use of newtechnologies, testingandimplementationofnewlearning techniques. It is important for teacher to acquire skills to design his own course and to be able to organize distance learning. Methods and techniques of distance learning are based on self-regulation of students’ speed of learning activities, adjusting the direction of their future self-education and, most importantly, they are based on distance learning forms of interaction. Taking into account the scale and complexity of distance learning as a phenomenon, a wide range of educational services, forms and models of organization for its implementation and building at a high-level we need to solve many difficult conceptual problems. The issue of quality of distance learning is one of the most controversial. The problem of quality of e-learning courses is extremely important.The distance course must correspond to the main didactic principles. They include scientific content, availability, systematic presentation of educational material, adaptability, visibility, connection with practice, completeness (integrity), interactive, self-consciousness, the development of intellectual capacity and so on. Ergonomic quality is one of the main requirements for distance learning courses.
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