Zapolska wygląda przez lwowskie okno. Tożsamość modernistycznego Lwowa
Zapolska Looks through the Lviv Window. The Identity of Modernist Lviv
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The study attempts to analyse interpersonal relations between nations in modernist Lviv and the existential situation of the city in this period. It shows, from the comparative perspective, how Gabriela Zapolska treats literary and anthropological space in Lviv, how she draws the portrait of society in Galicia and constructs a mental map which presents a modern, hybrid, multiethnic city. The text exposes mental, anthropological and linguistic problems in Zapolska’s writings. The analysis is based on Zapolska’s novels, but also on her drama and autobiographical discourse which help to understand the true meaning of “the identity of modernist Lviv”. Zapolska shows a deep awareness of political and social stratifications in a city, as well as of subconscious relations between citizens and of family crisis which is portrayed as a crisis of culture. She tries to build the literary vision of the modern city which is composed of various poetics and languages. Her writing creates a panorama of nationalities (Polish, German, Jewish, Ukrainian, Czech) and of economic, social and interpersonal relations during the second half of the 19th century and at the turn of the centuries.
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