REWALORYZACJA MIAST NA DOLNYM ŚLĄSKU PO 1990 ROKU ANALIZA WYBRANYCH PRZYKŁADÓW
THE REVALORISATION OF TOWNS IN LOWER SILESIA AFTER 1990 AN ANALYSIS OF SELECTED EXAMPLES
Languages of publication
The revalorisation of Lower Silesia. which after 1945 became incorporated into the range of Polish culture, involved becoming acquainted with the specificity of the local towns. The political doctrine prevailing at the time was the reason why mediaeval town centres. whose beginnings went back to Piast rule in Silesia, were the object of great interest; regions which underwent considerable transformations during the Prussian period were examined less frequently. From the early 1980s the new system of protecting the merits of the historical towns was based on the principle of delineating conservation protection zones. Nonetheless, the emergent conservation studies were not always observed, and the true impulse for the revalorisation of town-planning complexes proved to be the post-1989 self-governments, thanks to which the reconstruction of historical towns became an expression of local ambitions (Głogów, Polkowice). Upon certain occasions, conservation recommendations were surpassed by economic-political factors (the building of the Department of Law at Wrocław University). Upon certain occasions, the attachment of the local residents to empty inner-city space (Ostrów Tumski in Wrocław) proved to be an obstacle for recreating the historical shapes of towns and districts. The spaces in question were filled with monumental individual objects, which undermined the heretofore town-planning hierarchy. In the case of the small square in front of the Wrocław Poor Clare-Ursuline convent, it was decided to recreate the shape from the early nineteenth century. A totally new tendency consists of revalorisation, which signifies the recreation, by resorting to modern architectural forms, the historical line of the nineteenth-century development of town-planning interiors, almost forgotten during the inter-war period (1 Maja Square – the former Mikołajskie Przedmieście Street in Wrocław). On the other hand, the enormous disproportion between undertakings pursued in larger towns (where sometimes we encounter an outright predominance of investments over classical restrained conservation), and the absence of any sort of activity in smaller centres, such as Niemcza, remains highly disturbing. Throughout the entire post-war period, archaeological research was conducted, numerous revalorisation plans and projects were devised, and promotion material was published in great numbers, but without yielding more extensive revalorisation ventures.
- dr, historyk sztuki, pracuje w Instytucie Historii Sztuki Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. Specjalizuje się w historii urbanistyki oraz teorii i praktyce ochrony zabytków architektury i urbanistyki.
Publication order reference