The paper discusses the problem of land lease depending on the setting of production in Poland and in EU countries. Compared to farms in three types, ie., “Field crops”, “Dairy cows” and “Granivores”. The analysis covered the period 2005-2009. It has been proved that Polish farms regardless of the type of production are the least dependent on the lease of land although the area of land leased from year to year increases slightly in them. Most land not owned farm is owned by the French farms, where the share of leased land in comparison with the Polish farms is three times larger.