Koncepcje ustrojowo-polityczne izby drugiej obozu piłsudczykowskiego po przewrocie majowym
Political System Concepts of the Second Chamber of Pilsudskite Camp after May Coup d’Etat
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The aim of this article is to briefly outline the process of crystallization of the system concept within the scope of Sanation concerning the range of the second chamber of parliament. As to a broad overview connected with coming into being and shaping of the April Constitution, the subject matter of many monographs, relatively less known, are the works and constitutional achievements of the Pilsudskite camp at the end of the 1920s and the beginning of the 1930s. In this article the system views of the Pilsudskites are a subject of an analysis; it is clearly stated that the lack of programme principles as well as clear and cogent constitutional aims concerned also the sphere of shape and competence of the Senate. It is also indicated that the constitutional survey conducted in the summer of 1928 was the first attempt of working out one’s own concept among Józef Pilsudski’s associates concerning the shape of future of the second legislative house. In the study the views of the participants of the constitutional survey were analysed, from which it appears that most of the proposed regulations assumed increasing the political position of the second house of parliament. It was pointed out that valuable and interesting survey achievements, allowed in 1928, thus seven years before coming into force of the April Constitution, to discern the first outlines of concepts supposed to guarantee essential reinforcement of the constitutional position of President, particularly in connection with the role of the second chamber of the legislature.
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