PL EN


2019 | 20 | 157-178
Article title

Governance of teachers’ professional development and learning within a new career position

Content
Title variants
PL
Zarządzanie rozwojem profesjonalnym i uczenie się nauczycieli w kontekście nowej pozycji zawodowej
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In 2013, the Swedish government introduced a career reform for teachers (SFS 2013, p. 70) that established two new career-track positions, namely, lead teachers and senior subject teachers. This study analyses the process of integrating this career reform into the Swedish school system in its early stage and focuses on lead teachers’ professional development and learning when trying to interpret and translate this new career position in their daily working life. The study explored teacher´s ideas, strategies and actions to govern themselves in relation to the demands for research and proven experience within the career reform, as well as their underlying views of career. For the empirical data collection, we interviewed twelve lead teachers. The analysis of the data generated four different governmentalities that these teachers used to govern themselves when trying to handle the career reform in their practices: the school developer, the process manager, the subject specialist and the involuntary careerist. Teachers relate their rationalities to different career discourses where organizational, individual and professional discourses are prominent to various degrees. Furthermore, underlying representations of career relate to both hierarchical views, and to a perspective of exchange. In addition, two new representations of career emerged: career as a non-hierarchical or equal level position, and career as a sorting tool. The results indicate that lead teachers have found themselves caught in tensions between multifaceted meanings of career, research-based education, and personal and organizational pressures associated with the intentions of the career reform.
PL
W 2013 r. szwedzki rząd wprowadził reformę ścieżki rozwoju zawodowego dla nauczycieli (SFS 2013, s. 70), która ustanowiła dwa nowe stanowiska, mianowicie nauczycieli wiodących i doświadczonych nauczycieli przedmiotowych. Badania, których wyniki prezentuje niniejszy artykuł, analizowały proces wprowadzania tej reformy do szwedzkiego systemu oświatowego na wczesnym etapie, koncentrowały się na rozwoju zawodowym i uczeniu się nauczycieli, próbujących jednocześnie zinterpretować i wprowadzić nowe stanowisko do codziennego życia zawodowego. Zbadano postrzeganie kariery zawodowej przez nauczycieli, a także ich pomysły, strategie i działania związane z radzeniem sobie z wymaganiami nowej reformy dotyczącymi pracy badawczej i udokumentowanego doświadczenia zawodowego. W celu zebrania danych empirycznych przeprowadzone zostały wywiady z dwunastoma nauczycielami wiodącymi. Analiza danych wygenerowała cztery różne rządomyślności stosowane przez nauczycieli, próbujących poradzić sobie w swojej praktyce z reformą zawodową: deweloper szkoły, kierownik procesu, specjalista przedmiotowy i mimowolny karierowicz. Badanie wykazało, że nauczyciele odnoszą swoją racjonalność do dyskursów zawodowych, w których w różnym stopniu istotne są dyskursy organizacyjne, indywidualne i profesjonalne. Ponadto podstawowe reprezentacje kariery dotyczą zarówno poglądów hierarchicznych, jak i perspektywy wymiany. Dodatkowo pojawiły się dwie nowe reprezentacje kariery: kariera jako pozycja niehierarchiczna lub równa i kariera jako narzędzie podziału. Wyniki wskazują, że nauczyciele wiodący znaleźli się między wielowymiarowymi znaczeniami kariery a edukacją opartą na badaniach oraz presją osobistą i organizacyjną związaną z założeniami reformy rozwoju zawodowego.
Year
Volume
20
Pages
157-178
Physical description
Dates
published
2019
Contributors
  • School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Sweden
  • Department of Creative studies (Teacher Education), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2084-2740
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-d6ec1d8a-60f1-49b3-b1df-ebe9b124cb63
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