„Vobis o fortes animae”. Wizja bohaterskiej obrony Chocimia w dziełach Naumachija chocimska Jana Bojanowskiego i Pamiątka wojny tureckiej Józefa Bartłomieja Zimorowica
“Vobis o Fortes Animae”. The Vision of the Heroic Defence of Chocim (Khotyn) in Naumachija chocimska (The Khotyn Naumachia) by Jan Bojanowski and Pamiątka wojny tureckiej (The Memory of the War with the Turks) by Józef Bartłomiej Zimorowic
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The author of the article analyzes two texts in their first editions – Naumachija chocimska (The Khotyn Naumachia) by Jan Bojanowski and Pamiątka wojny tureckiej (The Memory of the War with the Turks) by Józef Bartłomiej Zimorowic. Both works concern the event significant for consolidating the idea of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth as the bulwark of Christendom, namely the heroic defence of Chocim in 1621. Both texts were created with a view to commemorating the heroism of the ancestors; however, Bojanowski praises only Mikołaj Sieniawski, whereas Zimorowic mentions a lot of names of brave defenders of the country. Naumachija chocimska… is an incoherent work composition-wise and stylistically awkward (the author failed to master the difficult stanza ottava rima), and what is more, completely dominated by its panegyric nature. Still, Bojanowski used a few interesting concepts, among which we should distinguish the comparison of the invasion of the Turkish army to a flood inundating the lands of the Commonwealth. The early poem by Zimorowic is an incomparably better work. Despite the chronicle-like narration (characteristic of the Old Polish historic literature) which was considered the author’s fault, the text is valuable among others on account of the combination of a diary account with the concept of a rock sculpture, several interesting descriptive fragments, strong contrasts and the appearance of the idea of the bulwark.
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