Limitations of the political independence of polish regulatory authorities in light of the EU law
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The aim of this article is to identify limitations of political independence of the Polish regulatory authorities. To that end the author presents the theoretical conception of political independence of regulatory authorities. Next, based on the EU directives in electronic communications and energy sectors, a standard of political independence of National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) is established. Using such a standard the author examines Polish statutory provisions which may present a threat to the independence of regulatory authorities. The main thesis of the article is that the legal status of the Polish regulatory authorities does not guarantee the level of independence required by the EU legislator. Therefore, the author suggests that the Polish regulatory authorities be removed from the government administration and linked with the parliament. Lastly, the articles discusses the current trend in the EU legal order to gradually widen the political independence of NRAs and the problems arising therefrom and makes de lege ferenda proposals in that sphere.
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