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2015 | 97 | 1 | 21-30
Article title

Slovo to v mluvených korpusech ČNK, jeho prefixace a reduplikace

Content
Title variants
EN
THE CZECH WORD ‘TO’ IN THE SPOKEN CORPORA OF THE CNC: PREFIXATION AND REDUPLICATION
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
The word form to (that.SG.N) traditionally tops frequency tables in corpora of spoken Czech: as a universal (gender- and number-neutral) exophoric (deictic) and endophoric (co-referential) device, it is crucial for spontaneous, unplanned discourse which requires reinforcing references to the context and co-text. Our estimate based on the ORAL series corpora is that about 70% of the instances of to in informal spoken language preserve strong referential semantics (i.e. the endo/exophoric function is preserved). In the remaining cases these functions are attenuated to different degrees: about 20% are part of what a phraseologically-oriented account would consider as indivisible chunks (often multi-word units expanding on the stub to + je.be.3SG), whereas the remaining 10% are purely pragmatic (chiefly serving as a turn-taking/keeping device). As the data show, to can even be prefixed, acting as a surrogate verb, and it is often reduplicated; both strategies indicate an attempt not to yield one’s turn while searching for words. A comparison of their relative frequencies in spoken and written corpora reveals these constructions as characteristic of spoken language.
Contributors
  • Ústav Českého národního korpusu, FFUK | nám. J. Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1
  • Ústav Českého národního korpusu, FFUK | nám. J. Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1
  • Ústav Českého národního korpusu, FFUK | nám. J. Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1
author
  • Ústav Českého národního korpusu, FFUK | nám. J. Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-d77dab5b-51a0-408b-a399-382633052eff
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