Zabytki skórzane z Gniewu – nowe dane z analizy źródeł archeologicznych
Leather artefacts from Gniew – new data from archival collections
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The article contains the latest research results of the collection of leather artefacts, obtained during excavation at the Market Square in Gniew in 1976 (site 2, trench IV). The collection of footwear remnants and production waste (offcuts), obtained from layers dated at the end of the 13th, first and second half of the 14th century, was examined. Based on the microscopic observation, the species classification of the raw material was established (Tab. 1–5). Significant differences in the proportions of raw material from small and large ruminants and wild animals were found in the collection of shoe remnants and offcuts of new skins. Good quality soft leather and secondary raw material from cutting worn shoes were used in the workshop production. A large number of secondary offcuts of repetitive shapes (Figs. 2, 3) allowed the reconstruction of the shoe cutting scheme to recycle leather (Fig. 4). The obtained results confirmed the shoemaking and repair nature of the workshop in which footwear was made of new leather and used products were collected in order to repair or reuse the raw material.
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