PL EN


2018 | 6 | 31-44
Article title

Ból po amerykańsku. Dramat opioidowy w pięciu aktach

Content
Title variants
Pain – American style: The opioid drama in five acts
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Najpoważniejsza epidemia narkotykowa w amerykańskiej historii nie została wywołana przez nieumiarkowane rekreacyjne stosowanie narkotyków ani przez podstępną działalność karteli narkotykowych. Trzema powodami, które przyczyniły się do wybuchu współczesnego kryzysu opiodowego, były: zmiana paradygmatu w leczeniu bólu i związana z nią nierozważna praktyka lekarzy, działalność wielkich koncernów farmaceutycznych (Wielkiej Farmy) oraz brak wystarczająco restrykcyjnej kontroli ze strony władz państwowych. Konceptualizując epidemię w kategoriach tragedii, artykuł naśladuje strukturę dramatu. Poszczególne części – pomyślane w formie „aktów” – syntetycznie przedstawiają genezę i rozwój epidemii, omawiają jej charakter i zasięg oraz analizują środki zaradcze podjęte ostatecznie w celu okiełznania problemu. Oprócz oczywistego zaostrzenia regulacji prawnych, omówiono nowe metody leczenia uzależnienia od opioidowych środków narkotycznych, takie jak szczepionki antyopioidowe i przezczaszkową stymulację mózgu.
EN
The worst drug epidemic in US history did not result from an uncurbed recreational use of narcotics, nor from the perfidious operation of drug cartels. The three root causes that contributed to the eruption of the present-day opioid crisis were: a paradigm shift in pain treatment combined with the reckless practices of physicians, the Big Pharma, and insufficiently restrictive state supervision. By conceptualizing the epidemic as a tragedy, the article takes on the structure of a drama. The subsequent parts framed as “acts” synthetically explain the origins and reformulation of the epidemic, depict its character and scope, and discuss the ultimate countermeasures undertaken to curb the problem. Apart from legal restrictions, interesting novel methods to treat opioid dependence such as anti-opioid vaccines and brain stimulation devices are presented.
Year
Issue
6
Pages
31-44
Physical description
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Jagielloński
  • ORCID: 0000-0002-7622-2078
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2450-9078
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-d834a656-8202-457f-a40f-4cc74dc0c3dd
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