Wkład myśli Pawła Apostoła w kształtowanie katolickiej dogmatyki
THE CONTRIBUTION OF THOUGHT OF THE APOSTLE PAUL IN THE FORMATION OF THE CATHOLIC DOGMA
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After his conversion Paul is a preacher of the Gospel, he writes, “received from Christ” (1Corinthians 11,28). He is also the father of Christian theology. Not only the Fathers of the Church in the commentary on the Pauline Letters, confirms his theological depth. His theology has its biblical- Jewish origins and it is in constant development. Paul’s proclamation is addressed primarily to the Pagans (1Thess. 1,9). Christological salvation experience (by Kyrios) and the eschatological act of salvation (by Christos), are reflected short Paul’s “confessions of faith”. Paul’s christological doctrine of theology implies that his hymns, catechism, confession of faith, parenesis texts usually contain Christocentric (Christ as the only Lord – 1Corinthians 8,6) and soteriological (Jesus the Son of God, Crucified, Risen). Death and resurrection of Christ receive in Paul’s thought theological and mystical explanations. By soteriological dimension, through the resurrection of Christ, mankind is easier to understand his creation and destiny of immortality. Proexistential dimension event of Christ brings Paul faith in the Son of God (Rom 1,9), which he loved and gave himself (Gal 2,20). God justifies man through faith in Christ (Galatians, Romans) and starts new creation. This means that the Christian life is grace. A special place in the Paul’s theology is a man who is the principal object of God’s saving plan. In view of faith, the man is a great mystery: sensory man (1 Cor 2,14), inner man (Rom 7,22), man of God (1Tm 6,11). Good conscience (sineidesis) is a logical development of Paul’s teaching on justification. Man is endowed with a natural ability to know God which testifies our dignity and free will. Event of the Passion of Christ’s resurrection has a clear anthropological desirability (‘for us’, ‘for the sinners’). Jesus introduces a new element to the story: ‘the fullness of time’ (Gal 4,4). It is Jesus who leads, therefore, according to Paul, the time to its completion. Pages close in the history of mankind.
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