2016 | 20 | 115-124
Article title

To light antiquity. Perspectives for research on clay oil lamps from the Agora in Nea Paphos, Cyprus

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
Oil lamps as archaeological finds and in museum collections provide a wealth of information. Various types of studies may be applied to investigate their meaning in ancient times. When several methods are used simultaneously, the objects may be interpreted according to distinct aspects, enabling us to study this group of ceramic objects from a multidisciplinary, comprehensive perspective. Such aspects are described in this paper, supplemented by a case study concerning oil lamps from the Agora in Nea Paphos, Cyprus.
Physical description
  • Bailey D. M. 1965. Lamps in the Victoria and Albert Museum. OpAth 6, 1–83.
  • Bailey D. M. 1972. Greek and Roman Pottery Lamps. Oxford.
  • Bailey D. M. 1980. A Catalogue of the Lamps in the British Museum 2. Roman Lamps Made in Italy. London.
  • Broneer O. 1930. Corinth 4/2. Terracotta Lamps. Cambridge.
  • Bruneau P. 1965. Exploration archéologique de Délos faite par l’École Francaise d’Athènes 26. Les lampes. Paris.
  • Bruneau P. 1977. Lampes corinthiennes 2. BCH 101/1, 249–295.
  • Bussière J. 2000. Lampes antiques d’Algérie. Montagnac.
  • Bussière J. and Malfitana D. 2009. Recherche de paternitá à propos d’un moule de Chypre. Instrumentum 30, 43–46.
  • Chrzanovski L. (ed.) 2003. Nouveautés Lychnologiques – Lychnological News. Sierre.
  • Dimakis N. 2015. Lamps, symbolism and ritual in Hellenistic Greece. In Z. Theodoropoulou Polychroniadis and D. Evely (eds.), AEGIS. Essays in Mediterranean Archaeology Presented to Matti Egon by the Scholars of the Greek Archaeological Committee UK, 165–172. Oxford.
  • Eramo G., Giannossa L. C., Rocco A., Mangone A., Graziano S. F. and Laviano R. 2013. Oil lamps from the catacombs of Canosa (Apulia, fourth to sixth centuries AD): technological features and typological imitation. Archaeometry, 1–17.
  • Fitch C. R. and Goldman N. W. 1994. Cosa. The Lamps. MAAR 39. Michigan.
  • Fotiadi P. 2011. Ritual terracotta lamps with representations of Sarapis and Isis from the Sanctuary of the Egyptian Gods at Marathon: the variation of ‘Isis with Three Ears of Wheat’. Bibliotheca Isiaca 2, 65–77.
  • Giuliani A. 2008. The export of Hellenistic Ephesian lamp-workshops and their influence on the local production in the East. In C. A. Roman and N. Gudea (eds.), Lychnological Acts 2. Trade and Local Production of Lamps from the Prehistory until the Middle Age. Acts of 2nd International Congress on Ancient and Middle Age Lighting Devices, Zalău/Cluj-Napoca, 2006, 91–96. Cluj-Napoca.
  • Gordon J. M. and Cova E. 2010. Romanesis in Cyprus: a lamp from Athienou-Malloura. Cahiers du Centre d’Études Chypriotes 40, 277–294.
  • Harris W. V. 1980. Roman terracotta lamps: the organization of an industry. JRS 70, 126–145. (Reprinted with an addendum in: Harris W. V. 2011. Rome’s Imperial Economy. Twelve Essays, 113–146. Oxford).
  • Hayes J. W. 1980. Ancient Lamps in the Royal Ontario Museum 1. Greek and Roman Clay Lamps. A Catalogue. Toronto.
  • Howland R. H. 1958. The Athenian Agora 4. Greek Lamps and Their Survivals. Princeton, New Jersey.
  • Kajzer M. 2013. The ‘Ephesian’ terracotta oil lamps from the Agora of Nea Paphos. In J. Bodzek (ed.), SAAC 17. Volume Dedicated to Professor Ewdoksia Papuci-Władyka, 249–254. Krakow.
  • Kajzer M. 2016. Changes in the Mediterranean contacts during the Hellenistic and Roman periods based on oil lamps’ finds from Cyprus – preliminary remarks. In M. Kajzer, Ł. Miszk and M. Wacławik (eds.), The Land of Fertility 1. South-East Mediterranean since Bronze Age to the Muslim Conquest, 105–111. Cambridge.
  • Katsioti A. 2008. Aspects of the economic and commercial activity of Rhodes during late Antiquity: the case of lamps. In Ch. Papageorgiadou-Banis and A. Giannikouri (eds.), Sailing in the Aegean. Readings on the Economy and Trade Routes. Μελετήματα 53, 189–208. Athens.
  • Katsioti A. 2014. The circulation of Cypriot lamps in late Roman – early Byzantine Rhodes. In Ευλιμένη Σειρά Aυτοτελών Εκδόσεων 2, 153– 165.
  • Kimpe K., Jacobs P. and Waelkens M. 2001. Analysis of oil used in late Roman oil lamps with different mass spectrometric techniques revealed the presence of predominantly olive oil together with traces of animal fat. Journal of Chromatography 937/1–2, 87–95.
  • Lapp E. C. 2004. Clay lamps shed new light on daily life in Antiquity. NEA 67/3, 174–175.
  • Loeschcke S. 1919. Lampen aus Vindonissa. Zürich.
  • Lund J. 1991. Towards a better understanding of the production pattern of Roman lamps. In T. Fischer-Hansen, P. Guldager, J. Lund, M. Nielsen and A. Rathje (eds.), Recent Danish Research in Classical Archaeology: Tradition and Renewal, 269–295. (Danish Studies in Classical Archaeology Acta Hyperboraea 3). Copenhagen.
  • Lund J. 1995. A synagogue at Carthage? Menorah-lamps from the Danish excavations. JRA 8/1995, 245–262.
  • Lund J. 2015. A Study of the Circulation of Ceramics in Cyprus from the 3rd Century BC to the 3rd Century AD. (Gösta Enbom Monographs 5). Aarhus.
  • Mikati R. 2003. Faustus the early Roman lamp maker visits Beirut. Evidence of a Tyre-based production. In L. Chrzanovski (ed.), 175–180.
  • Mitford T. B. 1980. The Nymphaeum of Kafizin. The Inscribed Pottery. Berlin, New York.
  • Młynarczyk J. 1978. Hellenistic terracotta lamps from Nea Paphos. RDAC, 235–253.
  • Młynarczyk J. 1992. Fourth century A.D. terracotta lamps from Nea Paphos. In P. Åström (ed.), Acta Cypria. Acts of an International Congress on Cypriote Archaeology held in Göteborg on 22–24 August 1991, 255–271. Jonsered.
  • Młynarczyk J. 1995. Alexandria and Paphos: lamp producing centres. In H. Meyza and J. Młynarczyk (eds.), Hellenistic and Roman Pottery in the Eastern Mediterranean – Advances in Scientific Studies. Acts of the II Nieborów Pottery Workshop, 203–239. Warsaw.
  • Młynarczyk J. 1998. Lampki terakotowe z polskich wykopalisk w Nea Pafos. In W. A. Daszewski and H. Meyza (eds.), Cypr w badaniach polskich. Materiały z Sesji Naukowej zorganizowanej przez Centrum Archeologii Śródziemnomorskiej UW im. prof. K. Michałowskiego, Warszawa, 24–25 luty 1995, 51–66. Warsaw.
  • Moullou D. and Topalis F. V. 2011. An example of room lighting from Classical Greece. In I. Motsianos and E. Binti (eds.), Light on Light: an Illuminating Story, 64–66. Thessaloniki.
  • Nicolaou K. 1972. Archaeological news from Cyprus 1970. AJA 76, 311– 320.
  • Orton C., Tyers P. and Vince A. 1993. Pottery in Archaeology. Cambridge.
  • Perlzweig J. 1963. Lamps from the Athenian Agora. Princeton, New Jersey.
  • Petruţ D., Gui M. and Trincâ H. 2014. Lighting Roman military barracks. An interdisciplinary approach based on evidence from Dacia. Archaeologia Bulgarica 18/3, 65–92.
  • Schneider G. and Wirz E. 1992. Chemical answers to archaeological questions – Roman terracotta lamps as documents of economic history. Documents et travaux IGAL 16, 13–48.
  • Sussman V. 2009. Greek and Hellenistic Wheel and Mould Made Closed Oil Lamps in the Holy Land. Collection of the Israel Antiquities Authority. (BAR-IS 2015). Oxford.
  • Sussman V. 2012. Roman Period Oil Lamps in the Holy Land. Collection of the Israel Antiquities Authority. (BAR-IS 2447). Oxford.
  • Vessberg O. 1956. Terracotta lamps. In O. Vessberg and A. Westholm (eds.), SwCyprusExp 4/3. The Hellenistic and Roman Periods in Cyprus, 184– 193. Stockholm.
  • Wunderlich Ch. H. 2003. Light and economy. An essay about economy of Prehistoric and ancient lamps. In. L. Chrzanovski (ed.), 251–263.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.