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2013 | 6(95) HRD (Rozwój zasobów ludzkich) | 67-88

Article title

Rozwój kapitału ludzkiego w Europie Centralnej i Wschodniej: analiza trendów i wyzwań dla Estonii, Węgier, Czech i Słowenii


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Human capital development in Central and Eastern Europe: An analysis of trends and challenges facing Estonia, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovenia

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This paper presents the findings of a comparative study of trends and challenges of human capital development (HCD) in four Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs)—Estonia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovenia— through the lens of education and training as important predictors of HCD. Analyzing the dynamics of key variables utilized for assessment of human capital, the study reveals the increase of investment in education and in training as a positive trend. At the same time, the decline in students’ performance in math and science, high levels of skill mismatch over the analyzed time period, as well as demographic changes that are characterized by aging and shrinking of the workforce, are found to be barriers to HCD in the four CEECs. Emphasizing the interplay of three systems—education, training, and the labor markets—the study highlights the importance of the systemic approach in the development and implementation of HCD policies. The paper also advocates for the increasing role of HRD (and National HRD, in particular), if such an approach is undertaken.
Niniejszy dokument przedstawia wyniki analizy porównawczej trendów i wyzwań z zakresu rozwoju kapitału ludzkiego (Human Capital Development – HCD) w czterech państwach Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej – w Estonii, na Węgrzech, w Czechach i Słowenii – przez pryzmat edukacji i szkoleń jako ważnych wyznaczników HCD. Analizując dynamikę kluczowych zmiennych używanych w ocenie kapitału ludzkiego, studium pokazuje wzrost inwestycji w edukację i szkolenia jako pozytywny trend. Równocześnie pogorszenie wyników studentów w naukach ścisłych, mocne niedopasowanie w sferze umiejętności w analizowanym okresie, jak również zmiany demograficzne przejawiające się w starzeniu i niedoborze pra¬cowników ukazane są jako bariery dla HCD w czterech wymienionych państwach. Kładąc nacisk na współgranie trzech systemów, tzn. edukacji, szkoleń i rynków pracy, studium podkreśla wagę podejścia systemowego do rozwoju i wdrażania strategii HCD. Podkreślono również rosnącą rolę HRD (Human Resource Development), tu szczególnie krajowego, o ile takie podejście zostanie zastosowane.




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  • Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and Development of the University of Minnesota, U.S.A.
  • University of Minnesota, USA


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To jest polskie tłumaczenie tekstu, który ukazał się w papierowym wydaniu anglojęzycznego numeru HRM(ZZL)_2013_6(95); wersja polska numeru opublikowana została na bezpłatnej płycie CD

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